Pollution Gurjit Lucky
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pollution Gurjit Lucky
Types Of Pollution.
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants
into the natural environment that cause
adverse change, in the form of killing of life
,toxicity of environment , damage to
ecosystem and aesthetics of our surrounding .
Air pollution is contamination of
the indoor or outdoor environment
by any chemical, physical or
biological agent that modifies the
natural characteristics of the
Household combustion devices.
• Maintaining a healthy distance between
the industrial and residential areas.
• The sulphur must be removed after
• The gasoline must have anti knocking
• The mining area should be planted with
• The coal fuel should be replaced with gas
fuel to control the air pollution.
• The automobiles must be designed with
emission control system.
• The wastes must be removed and recycled
in the industrial plants and refineries.
• Plants like pine and ribes need to be
planted to metabolize the nitrogen oxides
and other pollutants.
• Timely servicing of the car helps to
keep it in a good condition, and also
minimizes fuel exhaustion.
• Using public transportation helps to
prevent the air pollution.
• Using alternative energy sources like
solar energy, hydroelectric energy, and
Water pollution is the contamination of
water bodies (e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans,
aquifers and groundwater).
Water pollution occurs when
pollutants are discharged directly or
indirectly into water bodies without
adequate treatment to remove harmful
Water pollution affects plants
and organisms living in these
bodies of water. In almost all
cases the effect is damaging not
only to individual species and
populations, but also to the
natural biological communities
Food processing waste
Insecticides and herbicides.
(gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuels,
and fuel oil).
Lubricants (motor oil).
Conserve water by turning off the tap.
Don’t throw paints and oils in water
Use environment friendly household
products, such as washing powder,
household cleaning agents etc.
Take great care not to overuse pesticides
Noise pollution is displeasing or
excessive noise that may
disrupt the activity or balance
of human or animal life.
Noise means disgust or
discomfort hearing from
Poor urban planning.
Noise pollution affects both health and
Unwanted sound (noise) can damage
High stress levels .
Sleep disturbances, and other harmful
•Use of horns with jarring sounds,
motorbikes with damaged exhaust pipes,
noisy trucks to be banned.
•Noise producing industries, airports, bus
and transport terminals and railway
stations to sighted far from where living
•Community law enforcers should check the
misuse of loudspeakers, worshipers,
outdoor parties and discos, as well as public
•Vegetation (trees) along
roads and in residential
areas is a good way to
reduce noise pollution as
they absorb sound.
Soil pollution is caused by the
presence of chemicals or other
alteration in the natural soil
It is typically caused by industrial
Improper disposal of waste.
• Limit the use of fertilizers and pesticides
• Awareness about biological control
methods and their implementation
• The grazing must be controlled and
forest management should be done
• The afforestation and reforestation must
• Proper preventive methods like shields
should be used in areas of wind erosion and
Treating Wastes of
Treating nuclear waste.
Proper disposing of
plastics and other garbage
Radioactive pollution is the
presence of radioactive
substances on surfaces or
within solids, liquids or gases
(including the human body),
where their presence is
Radioactive Pollution may occur
from radioactive gases, liquids or
particles. For example, if a
radionuclide used in nuclear
medicine is spilled (accidentally or
through ignorance), the material
could be spread by people as they
The first effects were noted in the
early 20th century. The people who
were working in the uranium mines
suffer from skin burn and cancer.
These occur due to the radiations
from the radioactive material.
The radioactive pollution can be controlled
by number of ways. It includes the stoppage
of leakage from the radioactive materials
including the nuclear reactors, industries and
The disposal of radioactive material must be
safe and secure. They must be stored in the
safe places and must be changed into
The protective garments must be worn by the
workers who work in the nuclear plants.