POLLUTION: INDIA AND UAE LAST 5 YEARS
Microsoft power point presentation on POLLUTION: INDIA AND UAE LAST 5 YEARS.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - POLLUTION: INDIA AND UAE LAST 5 YEARS
“The story of humankind and
our relationship to the earth
may seen as a continuing
advents are tragedy shrouded
in mystery, the choice is ours”
The Earth as an ecosystem is changing, attributable in great
part to the effects of globalization and man. More carbon
dioxide is now in the atmosphere than has been in the past
650,000 years. We’ve overloaded the atmosphere with heat-trapping
gasses from our cars and factories and power plants.
If we don’t start fixing the problem now, we’re in for
devastating changes to our environment. We will experience
extreme temperatures, rises in sea levels, and storms of
unimaginable destructive fury. Recently, alarming events that
are consistent with scientific predictions about the effects of
climate change have become more and more commonplace.
Pollution is the introduction
of contaminants into the natural environment
that cause adverse change. Pollution can take
the form of chemical substances or energy, such
as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the
components of pollution, can be either foreign
substances/energies or naturally occurring
contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point
source or nonpoint source pollution.
Air pollution is the introduction
of particulates, biological molecules, or other harmful
materials into the Earth's atmosphere possibly causing
disease, death to humans, damage to other living
organisms such as food crops, or the natural or built
The atmosphere is a complex natural gaseous system
that is essential to support life on planet Earth.
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies
(e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater).
Water pollution occurs when pollutants are directly or
indirectly discharged into water bodies without
adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds.
Water pollution affects plants and organisms living in
these bodies of water. In almost all cases the effect is
damaging not only to individual species and
populations, but also to the natural biological
Soil contamination or soil pollution is caused by the
presence of xenobiotic (human-made) chemicals or
other alteration in the natural soil environment. It is
typically caused by industrial activity, agricultural
chemicals, or improper disposal of waste. The most
common chemicals involved are
petroleum hydrocarbons, polynuclear aromatic
hydrocarbons (such as naphthalene and benzo a
pyrene), solvents, pesticides, lead, and other heavy
Noise pollution is the disturbing or
excessive noise that may harm the activity or balance
of human or animal life. The source of most outdoor
noise worldwide is mainly caused
by machines and transportation systems, motor
vehicles, aircraft, and trains. Outdoor noise is
summarized by the word environmental noise.
Poor urban planning may give rise to noise pollution,
since side-by-side industrial and residential buildings
can result in noise pollution in the residential areas.
Light pollution, also known as photo
pollution or luminous pollution, is excessive,
misdirected, or obtrusive artificial light. Pollution is
the adding-of/added light itself, in analogy to added
sound, carbon dioxide, etc. Adverse consequences are
multiple; some of them may not be known yet.
There are many environmental issues in India. Air
pollution, water pollution, garbage, and pollution of
the natural environment are all challenges for India.
The situation was worse between 1947 through 1995.
According to data collection and environment
assessment studies ofWorld Bank experts, between
1995 through 2010, India has made one of the fastest
progress in the world, in addressing its environmental
issues and improving its environmental quality.
India has major water pollution issues. Discharge of
untreated sewage is the single most important cause
for pollution of surface and ground water in the India.
There is a large gap between generation and treatment
of domestic waste water in the India. The problem is
not only that India lacks sufficient treatment capacity
but also that the sewage treatment plants that exist do
not operate and are not maintained.
The Supreme Court of India gave a significant verdict
on noise pollution in 2005.Unnecessary honking of
vehicles makes for a high decibel level of noise in
cities. The use of loudspeakers for political purposes
and for sermons by temples and mosques makes noise
pollution in residential areas worse.
In January 2010, Government of India published
norms of permissible noise levels in urban and rural
In March 2009, the issue of Uranium poisoning in
Punjab attracted press coverage. It was alleged to be
caused by fly ash ponds of thermal power stations,
which reportedly lead to severe birth defects in
children in the Faridkot and Bhatinda districts
of Punjab. The uranium levels were more than 60
times the maximum safe limit. In 2012, the
Government of India confirmed that the ground water
in Malwa belt of Punjab has uranium metal that is
50% above the trace limits set by the United Nations'
World Health Organization.
Air pollution in UAE is mainly caused by around 2
million road users and factories in Emirates of
Sharjah, Dubai, Ajman and Umm Al Quwain. The rise
in UAE’s economy showed a rise in migrants mainly
from. The rise in population also showed rise in all
kind of vehicle and fuel sale. The high use of fuel
caused Air pollution in Urban and Industrial areas. But
comparing to other countries UAE’s air pollution
index is moderate.
The road users in UAE also cause noise pollution in
residential and urban areas. Also the machineries used
for construction in residential areas distract people of
their sleep and daily activities. The construction
machineries and industrial machineries used for
production cause very high noise disrupting people of
their activities. Many organizations in UAE have taken
measures to curb noise pollution.
The water usage in UAE has increased during the last
5 years. The UAE government takes measures to clean
the water bodies and protect them. The water bodies in
UAE are maintained clean with help and co-operation
of the residents of UAE. The government also
punishes those who pollute the water bodies. The UAE
government and many organizations have taken steps
to curb wastage of water.
With the development of urban areas and residential
areas, the government setup street lights for the
residents and road users comfort. The large no. of
street lights saw a rise in light pollution in many parts
of UAE. The light pollution in UAE is high comparing
to many countries. The government encourage the
practice of using green energy. For this the Masdar
city in Abu Dhabi which only uses green energy.