National costume of Aukštaitija
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National costume of Aukštaitija
National costume of AUKŠTAITIJA Eivydas Račkauskas 8a Kotryna Rudelytė 7a
Baigti Content• Short description of Aukštaitija• Men‘s clothing• Women‘s clothing• Components of traditional Aukštaičiai costume• Gallery• References
GrįžtiShort description of AukštaitijaAukštaitija – is the name of one of the five ethnographic regions of Lithuania. Aukštaitija is located in the northeast part of Lithuania. Aukštaitija is very rich in dialects, traditional customs, traditional architecture, lifestyle and diversity of historical ethno-cultural heritage.
Grįžti Men‘s clothing Their clothes were rather modest. Men in Aukštaitija wore grey, brown or brownish undyed matted woolen caftans (sermėga). Ineastern Aukštaitija they were sewn gathered at the waist, and in western Aukštaitija - with a pleated back or sides. Shirts were white with asmall stand-up or flip collar. Footwear - black orwhite boots (usually with flaps), tied with leatherstrips. A felt hat or cap was an important part of their costume. It was made of sheep wool.
Grįžti Women‘s clothingThere dominates the white colour in this region - white veils, shirts, aprons and sometimes even skirts. Womens shirts were often long and linen with redornaments. Their cuffs was also decorated with red ornaments.
Grįžti The components of Aukštaičiai costume• Headdress’ jewelry, wimples• Sashes• Shirts• Bodices• Skirts• Aprons• Gloves
GrįžtiHeaddress’ jewelry, wimplesThe most beautiful young girls’ jewelry was long braids, with colorful ribbons weaved into. They also used to wear rue or other floral wreaths, gold or silver –toned galoons and ribbons crowns. Brides and their bridesmaids wore akalpokas, a crown decorated with fake flowers at the top and long colourful ribbons. During the wedding ceremonies the rue wreath was replaced into a wimple. It was a symbolicheaddress of a married woman which she had to wear all her life.
Grįžti SashesNational sashes were used to tie up mens and womens clothing - skirts, aprons, waists, footcloths, and bags. The sashes were also used as a gift and greeting in different ceremonies. There were narrowly woven and braided sashes in Aukštaitija
Grįžti ShirtsAukštaitija women wore long white linen shirts. These have retained old, quite primitive shape refereed to as a tunic withshoulders tabs. Shirts had red ornaments. Sleeves were mostly decorative, sewn with either cuffs or left wide open.
Grįžti Bodices A womans bodice (corsage) was especiallydecorative in Aukštaitija. It was made of home- made wool or a wool mix. Even more common were expensive, professionally manufactured materials such as gold and silver brokate, silk, velvet, damask, wool. Some of the bodicesfeatured gold or silver tone borders. In the frontbodices had decorative metal plates with loops.Narrow ribbons and metal chains were used for lacing. Gold and silver tone, green and red bodices were most favored in Aukštaitija.
Grįžti SkirtsSkirts for special occasions were woolen or linen. A linen skirt in Aukštaitija was most often white with a red border. But woolen skirts were considered better, more festive. An authentic woolen skirt from Aukštaitija was most often gathered and four colored. The dominant colors were green and red enriched by adding smaller amounts of yellow and purple.
Grįžti ApronsThe apron was the most important part ofthe Lithuanian peasant womans costume.It was improper to appear in public without one. Aprons in Aukštaitija were made of white linen, featuring decorative red only or red and blue ornamental stripes in a pick-up weave at the bottom.
Grįžti Gloves Aukštaičiai knitted gloves were quitemodest. They were knitted of one or twocolors. The white colour was dominating. There were used geometrical and plant patterns in knitting them. Some gloves were used for work, the other ones for going to church.
Grįžti References• www.mokslai.lt• www.daukantas.lt/edu/daile/Ars/liet_tautodaile/dra• http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter/w5_show?p_r=2231&p• http://www.studijos.lt/siukslynelis/referatas/2276/li• Knyga “Lietuvių tautinis kostiumas”