National plan climate changes resilience for smalls islands
Small islands are unique and largely self-contained ecosystems. Their existence owes much to their existing environmental endowment. Preparation and understanding what sustains islands, and how they will be affected by future climate changes is an important concern. Two thirds of the countries with the highest disaster losses relative to GDP are small island states – with average annual losses between 1 and 9 percent of GDP. Losses of this magnitude are an enormous burden on a country’s budget and fiscal position, with serious consequences for growth and development prospects.
They therefore represent particularly fertile sites to look at the interplay of resilience, vulnerability and adaptation.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National plan climate changes resilience for smalls islands
Development of the
National Climate Changes
Resilience for Smalls
Capacity Development Plan
Mobilize the resources for creation of an active climate
resilience and protection, supported by effective capabilities,
technical capacities, national legislative frameworks and
2015 it was a essential year for the global partnership to lay the foundations for
sustainable global development through 2030.
In September the SDGs were officially adopted by UN member countries at the UN
Summit in New York, replacing the expiring MDGs, which were to be attained by
The 17 SDGs are universal, focusing on five key elements: people, planet, peace,
prosperity, and partnership.
The challenges of mobilizing the financing resources needed to help meet the
SDGs were discussed at the Third United Nations (UN) Conference on Financing for
Development in Ethiopia in July. The conference concluded with agreement among
the UN membership on an Addis Ababa Action Agenda (UN 2015) to boost
The “year of development” is closing with the MoPs on the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) conference in Paris in December, which
aims to produce a global accord on reducing carbon emissions.
The SDGs are more ambitious than the MDGs, embracing the view that
development needs to be economically, socially and environmentally
Achieving the SDGs will require actions across a broad range of issues at both
the national and international levels.
At the country level, governments should strive to create a sound
macroeconomic environment and take action for strong and sustainable
Efforts should focus on building strong institutions to foster investor
confidence; strengthening public finances; ensuring efficient and well-
targeted public spending; investing in infrastructure; maintaining debt
sustainability; deepening financial markets and access while safeguarding
financial stability; and promoting inclusion and environmental sustainability.
Small islands are unique and largely self-contained ecosystems. Their existence owes much to their
existing environmental endowment and linkages with other islands and markets. Understanding what
sustains islands, maintains their current levels of well-being and how they will be affected by future
climate changes is an important concern.
Two thirds of the countries with the highest disaster losses relative to GDP are small island states –
with average annual losses between 1 and 9 percent of GDP. These averages hide extremes –
sometimes a single disaster can overwhelm an island’s entire economy. Losses of this magnitude are
an enormous burden on a country’s budget and fiscal position, with serious consequences for growth
and development prospects.
Small islands are marginal in several respects:
they lie on the geographical periphery;
their populations are socially and economically excluded;
and they are often overlooked in policy terms.
And yet these islands represent the front-line in the challenge of climate change.
They therefore represent particularly fertile sites to look at the interplay of resilience, vulnerability
They are, in effect, human and environmental petri-dishes that enable us to examine, at close
quarters, the interplay of human and environmental transformational processes and outcomes, and
the patterns of resilience and vulnerability that result.
Build resilience to climate
changes and better promote
our national interests at the
Shape an open, stable and
vibrant environment and
national ecosystem which
our citizens can use safely,
while effectively balancing
capabilities for long term
resilience in a changing
world: skills, capacities
Critical Path Elements
Analysis of the lessons learnt from recent local and global severe
Launch of a National Strategy on defense and resilience on the climate
factors under Prime Minister leadership, coordinated by Ministry of
Project a Critical Resilience and Defense Initiatives guided by the
Strengthening Domestic Resource Mobilization and Public Expenditures
in order to focalise the existent resources in priority spheres.
launch a Environmental
Protection and Climate
•Congruent with regional and
•Regulatory framework for
public and private sector
•Creation of a law
•Protection of ecosystems and
natural resources biological
Climate changes and
•Verifying and securing
rights to land and other
and can ease access to
improving courts, flow
•Reducing crime and
protecting property rights,
strengthening creditor and
supporting establishment of
credit bureaus and other
mechanisms to address
information problems, and
enhancing bank regulation
- Improving infrastructure,
including through a more
climate for providers of
participation, and more
effective management of
•Creation of models of
•Establish the sourcing
partnerships for crisis
•with states and
•Participation in the
Small Island States
•Data and information
Long term national
expertise on climate
Protection of the
risk of kinetic
mandated to act
capacity in case
of a major
Define models of
with states and
Cross ministerial budget contributions.
Access to ODA and programs dedicated to environmental protection and resilience
to climate changes.
Bilateral loans and grants.
Leverage our vibrant Tourism industry
Enhance Intellectual capital
Encourage environmental education and cooperation with academia
Promote our country as host to international conferences
Outsource disaster risks reduction knowledge In accordance with established
Raising the administrative capacity in tax policy and government,
including on international tax issues.
Develop an updated macroeconomic policy without endangering
medium-term public debt sustainability.
Develop policies on aspects of inclusion and environmental
sustainability, core SDGs that are macro-relevant ,
Key measures needed include policies to strengthen infrastructure in a
cost-effective manner; enhance human capital; support financial
deepening; and boost agricultural productivity.
Deepening economic, gender, and financial inclusion through tax and
spending measures that enhance the redistributive role of fiscal policy
while minimizing their effects on incentives to work and save,
measures to increase access to financial services while preserving
financial stability, and reforms to promote economic participation.
Promoting environmental sustainability by reforming energy and water
prices and enhancing resilience to climate-related event.
The Small islands are regions are particularly prone to natural hazards,
including earthquakes, floods and landslides. Climate change is expected to
intensify the vulnerabilities in the coming years by weather hazards such as
tropical cyclones, floods, droughts and strong winds.
Food and nutrition security also remains extremely fragile.
Low-intensity tensions and occasional violence, add to humanitarian risks.
Therefore improving the capacity of national institutions and local
communities to prepare for and respond to disaster shall be a priority.
The main challenge in the short run is to secure sufficient resources from
donors and international aid agencies for reconstruction and rehabilitation.
The government should seek grant financing to the extent possible and pursue
synergies between the existing infrastructure pipeline and the future
Role of the Government
Addressing Food Security, Climate Change, and Environmental Sustainability
Critical public issues related to food security, climate change, and environmental sustainability
also depend on successful operations of private sector firms—as they are major operators of the
businesses that produce food, generate greenhouse gas emissions, and affect the environment.
Thus meeting the food challenge depends on improving the operations and productivity of
agricultural firms; addressing climate change requires energy efficiency in businesses and firms
that can develop technologies for low carbon power; and environmental sustainability requires
firms that both use and supply appropriate environmental technologies.
Role of Government
While the private sector is critical to development, it cannot act alone. Not only does the public
sector have an essential role in providing public services related to areas such as health and
education, safety nets, transfer programs, and environmental stewardship, it also has a critical
role in supporting economic growth and the private sector. The Growth Commission report
suggested a number of critical areas for government activity related to growth, including
The private sector and private sector employees are the providers of most of the taxes that
support government operations. This leads to a natural synergy between the public and private
Supporting macroeconomic stability
Macroeconomic stability, including stable prices, encourages private sector
investment and thus growth.
Creating openness to allow knowledge transfer and access to markets. High-growth
economies benefit from connection to the global economy by importing ideas,
technology and know-how, and by exploiting global demand to provide a deep
market for goods.
Providing public investment in infrastructure and in health and education. High-
growth economies have had high rates of saving and investment, including public
investment in infrastructure.
Providing strong leadership and capable administration. This includes commitment
to growth, including inclusive growth shared by different segments of society, and
a social contract to support growth, including health, education, and sometimes
redistribution. Governments need to find effective policies and regulations that
promote economic growth over time.
Resilience action plan will include
•Prioritize national service in crisis situations
Identifying and protecting
national infrastructures and
•Audit of all systems including critical
infrastructure, and mandate compliance
standards for national and
critical services and
•Ensure outsourced services comply with clearly
defined national standards
Enhancing our capacity
Resilience action plan will include
• Reaffirming proportionality principlePrinciples
• Declaring national emergency and fast-track police
• Reaffirming protection and resilience building
• Defining the decisional authority recommendation
vetted by PMAuthority
• Designing a cross ministerial approach
• Protecting key infrastructure and environment