Naghshe jahan. presentation
This presentation is about Neghshe Jahan Square in Esfahan, Iran. I have made this presentation to introduce Nagheshe Jahan Square as one the most famous public squares in the world.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Naghshe jahan. presentation
Naghshe Jahan Square
Map of the locations in the world, country and city
Location: Isfahan, Iran
• Maidan-i Shah,
• Shah Maidan, Nash-e Jahan,
• Shah Meydan,
• Maidan Shah,
• Meydan-i Imam,
• Royal Maidan,
• Naqsh-i Jahan,
• Maidan-i Naqsh-i Jahan,
• Maidan-i Imam
• Ali Akbar Esfahani
Shah Abbas I the Great
Width: 520 ft (158.5 m)
Length: 1675 ft (510.5 m)
Width to Length: 1 to 3.28
Height: approx. 45 ft
Height to Width: 1 to 11.5
Height to Length: 1 to 37.2
History of Isfahan
• The city of Esfahan (or Isfahan) is known as being one of the
jewels of Iran and is very significant in terms of art and
architecture. One of the famous Persian proverbs describes
Esfahan as ‘half of the world’, as it once dominated as one of
the world’s largest cities famous for its mosques, palaces,
bridges and the beautiful Naghshe Jahan Square.
• Naghshe Jahan Square is the central meeting place of Isfahan,
a city of a million people that in the past has served as the
capital of Iran during three different historical periods. Lined
with shops and cafés, it is also the site of two magnificent
mosques — Naghshe Jahan Mosque and Luftallah Mosque.
These stunning buildings are a big reason behind Naghshe
Jahan Square’s reputation as one of the world’s most beautiful
public spaces. Even though attractions such as the mosques
have made Isfahan one of Iran’s main tourist destinations,
Naghshe Jahan Square remains first and foremost a place that
embodies local civic pride.
Important facts about Maidan:
• Naghsh’e Jahan Square is situated at the center of the city of Isfahan. It is
an important historical site and one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The
square is surrounded by buildings from the Safavid era. The entrance to
the Grand Bazaar and the Naghshe Jahan Mosque are opposite one
another on the short ends while the Ali Qapu Palace and the Sheikh
Lotfollah Mosque face one another on the longer sides.
• This square, in urban design of the city was considered as the main factor
of growing of the city.
• Except for architecture, The role of this great square is not limited to its
architecture and physical condition. It includes political, religious,
economical, tourism, recreation, cultural and social values.
• What makes this square distinguish is a group of components which they
came together and work together to make a gorgeous friendly space.
History of Maidans
• Maidans are the most essential spaces of urban fabric, which with
different scales in the urban area have different practices and traditions.
• The main maidan is the one that Main Mosque is located there, and in
Esfahan, in addition to the main mosque, government building and core
part of Bazaar are part of this maidan.
• Studying the surrounding buildings of the maidan shows that in the past it
has been the core center of government, and it has been the connection
space between people and government.
• This maidan is an important civic space and center of commerce and trade
in the past
• This meidan had pre planned plan with a regular geometry shape. In
general maidans because of their location and role have rectangular or
square shape. Cicvic squares like Naghshe Jahan have rectangular shape
which the proportion of the sides is 1 to 3.
• Some of the squares which are going to be used just for a specific
neighborhood have square shape because of making inclosing feeling.
Context, Access, Connection
Site plan of the Maidan and surrounding public buildings, as they
• Mosques are famous for their gracefulness and
interplay of geometric design, and architectural light
and shadow in this sun-strong climate.
From long ago, the cultural
meaning of space, and
especial climate of Iran,
initiated formation of
special urban space which
called Bazaar and it has
entered in other languages
• Survey shows in maidans like Naghshe Jahan which has civic
use, there is no feeling of enclosing because of height of the
maidan to its width (1 to 10), and the space of the maidan is
an open and vast suite for the activities that happens in the
maidan. But at the same time maidan has human size scale
which does not give people feeling of being small compared
to the space.
Square as a sacred space
• Because of religious part of the maidan (mosques), designers
at that time have tried to incorporate sort of sacredness
within design of the maidans.
• This maidan is supposed to be the apron of Lofullah mosque,
because it does not have any apron.
• The existence of water and vegetation emphasis on this fact.
With another vision the space in this maidan is the distance
between mosque and palace and mosque and Bazaar; means
distance between sacred world and secular world.
View northwest to the bazaar entrance portal. Ali Qapu is on the
left, the entrance portal to the Mosque of Shaykh Lufallah is on
View west toward the Ali Qapu from the Mosque of the
Naghshe Jahan minaret
Axonometric reconstruction of Maidan-i-Shah and the surrounding buildings
(government and royal district, 1712)
A hypothetical reconstruction of Maidan and surrounding public buildings
• Desirability and Memorability
• Maintenance and Craftsmanship
• Complementarity and Contrast
Current issues of the site
• Picnic area
• Lack of seats and shade
Issue: Cars and transportation vehicles access
View southeast with the Mosque of Shaykh Lufallah to the left, Ali Qapu to the right, and the Mosque of the Shah ahead
– Diverse social atmosphere
• Friday prayer
• Desirable for small businesses
• Picnic area
• Relaxing, walking, seating, people watching
• Public events, public festivals
Public place as a place for protest or
What Makes Naghshe Jahan Square a
• Access and Linkages: It is the central square of Isfahan, a city of a million people.
There are merchants, cafes and shops.
• Comfort and Image: It is clean. Men and women both use the square in equal
measure. You can find a place to sit. The first impression is of awe and
• Uses and Activities: All age groups use the square. All activities take place, and it is
enjoyable to see the children playing.
• Sociability: The mood of the people is welcoming and friendly. The square is used
both by groups and by individuals. Yes, there is local pride by the people. It is seen
as the meeting place of the city. Mostly locals go there, as tourists are rarely in the
My findings of success
• All the components of public space in this Maidan work
together as a system and all together make Nagheshe Jahan
Maidan a successful public space.
• And it responds to people needs; In terms of religious needs,
economic, recreation, cultural.
• Its success can also be measured by other indicators, such as
public displays of affection, comfort and safety, stewardship,
and the way people share the space to engage in different
activities packed tightly together.
Expressions of success
• What is the difference between this square
and plazas? Is there any difference between
plaza and square?
– Nagshe jahan is enclosed and has access points,
but for example rittenhouse in Philiadelphia has
no wall around it and accessible from all around