Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Political history
Yahya Khan came in power in March 1969.
Climate of political uncertainty.
Political parties were not banned.
LFO came on 30th
One Unit was Dissolved.
Elections were announced, (5th
October, Provincial Assemblies)
One man, one vote basis.
Elections held in 1970.
Awami League got 160/162 seats in East Pakistan
while Bhutto scored 87 in West.
Crisis on issue of making of Government.
Mujeeb presented 6 points agenda.
Bhutto wanted his government in Center in spite
of lack of majority.
Yahya favored Bhutto.
Riots started in East Pakistan in March.
Military action started on March 25,1971.
Large scale violence.
Lot of Killings
India supported “Mukti Bahni”.
Civil war started.
India attacked on December 3,1971.
About 90,000 Troops were made Prisoners of
The most humiliated defeat in the history of Islam.
East Pakistan emerged on the World map as a new
state named “Bangladesh”.
Causes of debacle of East Pakistan
The Geographical Factor
Sense of Deprivation.
Role of Military.
Influence of Hindus.
Political history of Pakistan(1977-2012)
Elections were held on March 7 in which
Pakistan Peoples Party managed to win 155 out of
200 seats in the National Assembly.
Pakistan National Alliance was only able to win
36 National Assembly seats.
PNA alleged rigging in election.
At last Martial Law was imposed by Zia-ul-Haq on
Bhutto was hanged on April 4,1979.
The party less were elections held in 1985.
Muhammad Khan Junejo becomes Prime
lifting of Martial Law.
Ojheri Camp incident near Islamabad on April 10,
Dismissal of JUNEJO.
Benazir’s first tenure
In the 1988 elections, Pakistan Peoples Party won
94 seats in the National Assembly
Ghulam Ishaq Khan becomes President [1988-93]
The conflict between the President and the Prime
Minister arose in two areas; the appointment of
the Military Chiefs and the Superior Court Judges.
On August 6, 1990, President dissolved the
National Assembly .
Nawaz’s first tenure
Elections for the National and Provincial
Assemblies were held on October 24 and 27, 1990.
IJI secured 105 N.A seats while PPP gained 45.
Nawaz Sharif became Prime Minister.
Differences with COAS and President .
Campaign for abrogation of 58(2).
President Ghulam Ishaq Khan dissolved the National
Assembly on April 18,1993, once again exercising his
power through the Eighth Amendment.
Restoration of National Assembly
by Supreme Court on May 26,1993.
Resignation of president and prime minister.
Benazir’s second tenure
The elections for the National and Provincial
Assemblies were held on October 6 and 9,
PML(N) secured 73 N.A seats while PPP gained
Benazir Bhutto becomes Prime minister.
The Presidential election was held on November
13. Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari, the PPP
candidate, won by 274 to 168 votes against the
then acting President Wasim Sajjad.
Dismissal on 5th
November 1996 due to corruption
charges on the government.
Nawaz’s second tenure
As scheduled, elections were held on February 3,
1997. Pakistan Muslim League won with 2/3
It secured 134 N.A seats while PPP gained 18.
National debt retirement programme
Pakistan’s Atomic Explosions
Lahore Declaration (21st
Military coup on 12th
On October 12, 1999, the Pakistan Army once
again ousted the Civilian Government.
Pervez Musharraf Becomes President [June 20,
Presidential referendum in 2002 and 97% success.
The National and Provincial elections were held on
October 10,2002. Total elected members for the 342
National Assembly seats and 728 seats of the four
PML(Q) gained 77 N.A seats
Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali sworn in as Prime
Shaukat Aziz became PM in 2004.01/21/15
Nawaz came back after 7years exile
Benazir got murdered in Rawalpindi
Emergency lifted ,elections announced in 2008.
PPP forms government
Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani becomes prime minster.
Musharraf steps down.
Asif Zardari became president in 2008
After completing 5 years tenure,for the first time
in history of Pakistan,new democratic government
of PML(N) came in power in 2013.01/21/15