Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Political hacktivism
Eva Sánchez and Virginia Chan
Influence of internet
Politicians using internet as a new platform to
gain more supporters
Increased access to information
“levels playing field”
Public opinion plays a more important role in
elections and political campaigning
Jordan and Taylor: “The emergence of popular political
action, of the self-activity of groups of people, in cyberspace.”
○ “A grassroots political protest with computer hacking”
● A merge between political activism and computer hacking
● Hacktivists are motivated by the notion that the people have
a right to information. In terms of politics, this means the
public has the right to know exactly what goes on behind the
scenes, what political leaders actually stand for, and what
wrongs/rights the government has committed.
● Protest sites and spoof Web sites
Covers a multiplicity of subjects
Presentation of content ranges from professional
“Registering a domain name with intent to profit
from the onward sale to its (rightful) owner”
Successful if search engines can find it
Defacement of Web sites
● Denial of Service Attacks -- virtual sit-ins
Overloading the site with visits
● Site Redirection/ Virtual Road Blocks
Directing users away from official site without
When a huge group of people meet at a specific
time and place to perform a task
Secrecy from police, press, and timing are
Invitations are informal and done over the
internet via emails, blogs, instant messaging,
USEFUL PURPOSES AND DIRTY
Does the goals always justify the means?
“Hacktivism has the potential to play an active and constructive role to
overcome political justice, educate, inform and be a genuine agent of
positive political and social change. The marriage of hacktivism to
participatory democracy leads to the empowerment of individuals or
participatory democracy, the breakdown of barriers or participatory
pluralism and disintermediation of channels of communication or direct
buildings” on the net
• Suddenly emerged in 2008
At the beginning it was composed of professionals
→ Now anyone can participate
• GOALS: end with the oppression from governments and
other organizations on the Internet
o “We want to fight the powers-that-be when they overstep the lines.”
o "I'm not under the illusion that we're going to change the world,but if
we can make a big enough noise for people to notice there's a
problem and scream loud enough, someone's going to take notice.
That's what Anonymous is."
Success of hacktivism:
1. How much nuisance was caused?
2. How widely was it covered?
3. Did anything change as a result?
Bigger impacts when hacktivism is accompanied
- Auty, C. (2004). Political hacktivism: tool of the underdog or scourge of
cyberspace? In: Aslib Proceedings. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 212221
- Anonymous, hacktivism and the rise of cyber protester
- E Siapera 2012 Chapter 5 Understanding New Media. Sage.
-Jordan, Tim, and Paul A. Taylor. "Hacking and Hackitivism." Hacktivism and
Cyberwars: Rebels with a Cause? London: Routledge, 2004. 1-18. Print.
-Ludlow, Peter. "WikiLeaks and Hacktivist Culture | The Nation." WikiLeaks
and Hacktivist Culture. The Nation, 4 Oct. 2010. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.