Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nafpaktos2
Orini Nafpaktia is
are about 50
villages in almost 9
villages are very
people are very
hospitable. A lot of
people travel to
Orini Nafpaktia for
*orini means mountainous
Ano Hora is one of the most
known and popular villages in
Orini Nafpaktia and a lot of
people visit it at all seasons,
but especially in winter
because there is a lot of snow.
It is a very beautiful village that
has kept its traditional colour.
There are a lot of cultural
events; the most popular one
is the “Chestnuts Festival” in
October where people eat
chestnuts, pies and drink
tsipouro in the central square.
Ampelakiotissa is another
village of Orini Nafpaktia
with many colourful
flowers and high trees. In
Ampelakiotissa there is
also a very high peak, the
peak of Ai-Leas. A lot of
people used to live there in
the past but a few people
live there now. Near
Ampelakiotissa there is
the beautiful creek
everybody can go fishing.
Elatou means the “fir
tree place” and until
1928 it had a Slavic
It is built like an
It is built near the
A lot of people used to
live in Elatou in the
past but a few live
Elatou is famous for its
The village Kryoneria has
rare natural beauty. There
are high fir trees and
If you are lucky you can see
one of the 9 species of wild
orchids, a rare type of tulip
and a variety of mushrooms.
There are also golden
eagles, vultures and a rare
species of woodpecker.
There are packs of wolves ,
wild boars, deer and a
couple of brown bears as
Nafpaktos is a town with long history and a great fortification which
starts from the port and continues with four more lines of defence walls.
Nafpaktos is said to have its name from the words “nafs” (the ancient
greek word for ship) and “pignymi” (an ancient greek verb that means
“to make ships”) .
Its history appears in 1104 BC with the Dorians (an ancient greek tribe)
who used to make rafts to sail from Middle Greece to the Peloponnese.
THE HISTORY OF NAFPAKTOS
Nafpaktos was an important city of Byzantium, as it was the most important port
for trade and travellers to Italy and Constantinople.
The fort was repaired plenty of times during the years and the city suffered a lot of
natural disasters such as earthquakes, diseases and attacks.
At the time of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus it became the capital of the fifth
issue of Europe (Greece). Nafpaktos was under the Venetian rule for many years.
Venetians called the town “Lepanto”, a name that a few people still use. The
Ottomans conquered Nafpaktos in 1499.
BYZANTIUM AND MEDIEVAL TIMES
The battle of Lepanto was one of the most important battles. The battle took
place in 7 October 1571. The fleet of the Holy League (Spain,Venice, Genoa,
etc) managed to win and destroy the main fleet of the Ottoman Empire. This
meant that the Ottomans couldn’t go farther and conquer more European
The famous writer Miguel de Thervades took part in the Battle of Lepanto,
where he lost his left hand.
The great victory of the Christians against the Turks was a landmark in the
history of Europe.
THE BATTLE OF LEPANTO.
In 1821 people of Nafpaktos took part in the Greek Revolution
against the Turks. On 18 April 1829 Nafpaktos was free from the
Turks, when Andreas Miaoulis excluded the port city and forced the
Turks to give up the fort.
A few Greeks families continued living in Nafpaktos.
The most important sights of Nafpaktos is the medieval castle and
its beautiful medieval port which is the basic landmark of the
town. You can also visit the old family mansion “Botsari” which
has turned into a private museum .
Other things you may admire are the traditional houses in the city
center and the small stone paths in Stenopazaro and uphill to the
castle. Of course you can always see the nearby Rion-Antirrion
THE SIGHTS OF NAFPAKTOS
The construction of the Rion – Antirrion Bridge started in July 1998 and finished
on 21 May 2004. The opening day was 7 August 2004, a week before the 2004
Summer Olympics in Athens.
The Bridge is 2880m long and 28m wide. It has four huge pylons 25 to 45m
above the sea. On the bridge there are two vehicle lanes on each direction and
a walkway. It has the world’s second longest cable-supported deck (2252m).
Rion – Antirrion Bridge is considered to be a masterpiece, because of the difficulties
in the construction. The water is deep (it reaches 65m) and the seismic activity is
intense in this area. For these reasons, special construction techniques were applied.
The bridge improves considerably the access to and from the Peloponnese.
Walking the bridge is a great experience.