Population and its impact in india
Population and its impact on Humans in India , problems faced in daily life, with statistical ref......
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population and its impact in india
A population is all the organisms that both
belong to the same group or species and live
in the same geographical area
In sociology, population refers to a collection
of human beings
Its Boon for a developed country
But, its Curse for developing country
Is India is a developed or developing country?
• Total population – 1.22 billion
• Male population - 628.8 million
• Female population – 591.4 million
• Sex ratio - 940 female per 1000 male
• 0 to 25 years - 50% of current population
India‟s Population in 1947 – 350 million
India‟s Population in 2001 - 1.02 million
India‟s population in 2011 – 1.21 million
Population change = (Births + Immigration)
– (Deaths + Emigration)
The increase in birth rates due to medical
The decrease in death rates due to better
medical facilities .
Immigration to better developed countries
due to better job opportunities and natural
causes like hurricanes, earthquakes, and so
51 births a minute, 3,060 an hour, 73,440 a
day, which calculates to nearly 26.1 million a
According to ABC News, the famous Indian
author, Shobha De said, “God said „Go forth
and produce‟ and we just went ahead and
did exactly that.”
Another one of India‟s cultural norms is for a
girl to get married at an early age. In most of
the rural areas and in some urban areas as
The crude death rate in India in 1981 was
approximately 12.5, and that decreased to
approximately 8.7 in 1999.
The infant mortality rate in India decreased
from 129 in 1981 to approximately 72 in 1999
This development is good for the economy
and society of India, but strictly in terms of
population, this advancement has further
enhanced the increase in population.
currently the migration in India is –0.08
migrants per 1000 population
Unemployment and Illiteracy
Increase in 2O C in air temperatures will be
enough to decrease the rice yield by 0.75
It is also estimated that a drastic
increase in greenhouse gases like
carbon dioxide may cause wheat
production to fall as much as 68%.
Additionally, the changing climatic
conditions have the potential to
significantly increase tropical
disturbances like cyclones and storms in
There is no life without water.
One might think that 70% of the earth is
covered with water, so, why worry about the
In fact, 3 sides of the Indian subcontinent is
surrounded by water. And there are several
rivers, lakes, and other sources of water
within the country as well
However the fact is that less than 3 percent
of that water we see can be used for human
consumption and industrial uses.
Petroleum products required for automobiles,
cooking, and other such human activities.
Pesticides and herbicides used for agriculture
by the Indian farmers.
Heavy metals from industries, automobiles‟
exhausts and mines.
Excessive organic matter like fertilizers and
other organic matter used by farmers.
Sediments caused by soil erosion produced by
strip mines, agriculture and roads.
Thermal pollution caused by deforestation.
in 1972-73, unemployment rates in rural
areas were 1.2 for males and 0.5 for
females, and in urban areas, it was 4.8 for
males and 6.0 for females.
This unemployment rate rose to 2.3 for
males and 1.5 for females in rural areas and
4.9 for males and 8.2 for females in urban
areas in 1998-99.
Resources are always limited. And in a
developing and highly populous country like
India, resources are even scarcer
“…more than half of all children under the
age of four are malnourished, 30 percent of
newborns are significantly underweight, and
60 percent of women are anemic.”
The government of India has been organizing
several programs for limiting the population
increase and has been spending millions of
dollars on controlling the birth rate.
This is the right time to plan seriously about
If we fail, even God cannot help
If population increase leads us back in time
to the Stone Age, then what is the advantage
of years of technological advancements and
our hard work?
Can we really enjoy a newborn in our lives when
we know that we would not be able to give our
child the basic necessities of life?
Being a Student, is that not our responsibility to
wish for the best for our future generations?
I want my future generations to live in India and
cherish the beauty of the land, its monuments
and rich culture that we Indians are so proud of,
while living a happy sustainable life with all the
basic amenities readily available without fighting
for it or bargaining for it.
I want my future generations to have a happy
successful career and life, and at the same
time, enjoy the beauty of nature in its
I want my future generations to see and have
the world as it was meant to be, and not
what we have made it into.