Narration concepts ppt
the concepts how narration is to be learned simply
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narration concepts ppt
• When the reporting verb is in the past tense,
all present tenses in the direct speech will
change into the corresponding past tenses
• For example, the simple present will become
• He said, ‘I want to go.’
• He said that he wanted to go.
• She said, ‘I am coming.’
• She said that she was coming.
• He said, ‘I have finished.’
• He said that he had finished.
• When we report questions, the indirect
speech is introduced by verbs such as asked,
• He said to me, ‘What are you doing there?’
• He asked me what I was doing there.
• If the reporting verb is in the present tense,
the tenses in the direct speech do not change.
• He says, ‘He is leaving.’
• He says that he is leaving.
• To report an Yes/No question, we
use if or whether.
• He said to me, ‘Are you interested?’
• He asked me if I was interested.
• He said to them, ‘Will you listen to such a
• He asked them whether they would listen to
such a man.
• When we report commands and requests, the
indirect speech is introduced by verbs expressing
a command or request. Examples are: ordered,
requested, commanded, shouted etc.
• The master said to the servant, ‘Go away.’
The master ordered the servant to go away.
• He said to them, ‘Please wait here till I return.’
He requested them to wait there till he returned.