POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTURE
REINO LA PUEBLA political maps, spanish institutions/culture
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - POLITICAL MAPS, SPANISH INSTITUTIONS/CULTURE
CHARACTERISTICS OF MAPS:
-Objects on maps are represented
using SYMBOLS. The meaning of these
symbols is explained in a KEY.
-Maps include a compass rose
that shows cardinal directions.
-Maps have a scale. A scale shows the relationship between
the distances on the map and the actual (real) distances
on the Earth.
POLITICAL MAPS: they show countries, their borders and
To describe geographical locations on Earth, we use a
system of imaginary lines called parallels and meridians.
Parallels are circular lines that go around the Earth from
East to West. The longest parallel, the Equator, divides
the Earth into the northern hemisphere and the southern
hemisphere. LATITUDE is the distance in degrees from
the Equator (0º).
Meridians are circular lines that go from North to South
and pass throuth the poles. Meridians are the same lenght.
The Prime Meridian, also called the Greenwich Meridian,
divides the Earth into the eastern hemisphere and the
western hemisphere. LONGITUDE is the distance in
degrees from the Prime Meridian (0º).
GLOBES AND WORLD MAPS:
GLOBES are more accurate than MAPS for representing
the Earth, because they are three-dimensional like the
Earth itself. Once you try to reproduce the surface of the
Earth on a flat map, the sizes and shapes get distorted.
Some countries appear larger than they really are.
The CONSTITUTION is the most important law in Spain.
It was approved on 6 DECEMBER 1978. It defines:
-The organisation of the Spanish TERRITORY.
-The organisation of the GOVERNMENT. And,
-The Rights and Responsibilities of the citizens.
The Constitution also establishes:
-The FLAG: three horizontal stripes (red, yellow and red).
-The NATIONAL ANTHEM: it’s called the “Marcha Real”
(Royal March) and it has no official lyrics.
-The COAT OF ARMS. It usually appears
on the flag of Spain.
The Constitution establishes Spain as a PARLIAMENTARY
This means that the king or queen is the Head of State BUT
Parliament is responsible for making and approving new laws.
Felipe VI is the Head of State. He represents Spain in
international relations. The Crown of Spain is hereditary.
The Constitution establishes THREE POWERS:
1) LEGISLATIVE POWER. The main function is to make or
develop laws. Parliament (Las Cortes Generales) is made up of
1-The Congress of Deputies and 2-The Senate.
Citizens of Spain who are 18 years old or over, vote for
members of Parliament in general elections every four years.
2) EXECUTIVE POWER. After the general elections, the
political party with the most votes forms the Government.
The Prime Minister is the head of the Government. The
ministers are appointed by the Prime Minister. They work in
different areas (education, healthcare, defence, economy).
3) JUDICIAL POWER. It belongs to courts and tribunals,
composed by judges and magistrates. They make sure that the
laws are obeyed. The judicial bodies in Spain are:
+ The Supreme Court: it’s the highest court.
+ The Constitutional Court: it decides if laws introduced
by Parliament are in accordance with the Constitution.
Spain is divided into 17 Autonomous Communities and two
Autonomous Cities: Ceuta and Melilla.
Autonomous Communities are made up of one or more
Each province is divided into MUNICIPALITIES.
Spain’s unique culture is a result of
its location, as well as the influence
from different civilisations
such as Celts, Visigoths, Romans
Spanish cuisine is extremely diverse and uses a variety of
different ingredients and techniques.
Each region has its own unique cuisine.
However, there are some dishes which are considered
national dishes such as Spanish omelette, cured ham and
cured pork sausage to name just a few.
Spain’s official language is Spanish, also called Castilian.
Spanish is not the only language spoken in Spain.
Languages such as Catalan, Basque and Galician have co-
There are also a number of unofficial languages or dialects
that are spoken in certain places.