Narrative tenses past simple, past continuous and past perfect
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narrative tenses past simple, past continuous and past perfect
Past Simple, Past Continuous and
Narrative tenses like Past Simple,
Past Continuous and Past Perfect are
used to tell stories or to talk about
activities and situations that
happened in the past.
LET'S CHECK THE TENSES!
- The Past Simple expresses an action that
started and finished in the past or talke about
completed action in the past.
- It also expresses a past habit.
- It goes after WHEN.
*It uses regular and irregular past verbs and the
auxiliary DID or DIDN'T.
- The Past Continuous is a progressive action
that was happening in a moment in the past
or describe actions in progress in the past.
- It's also used when something else happened.
- It's used for temporary past action.
- It can be interrumped by another action (Past
- It's important to remember that we can't use
State Verb with this tense. Some of them are,
Emotions: Need, Love, Hate...
Possession: Want, Belong, Have...
Sense: Smell, See, Hear, Taste...
Thought: Think, Remember, Believe, Know...
- It goes after WHILE or AS.
*Its main verb form is: was/were + verbing.
- The Past Perfect describes a past action that
happened before another action in the past.
- Its main verb form is HAD + Past Participle
What happened when we tell a story?
The past continuous set the scene.
The past simple describes the main events.
The past perfect makes the story more
I. Complete the story using the past simple, past perfect,
or past continuous of the verbs in brackets.
It (be) Tuesday evening and I (get) ready to go to bed
when the phone (ring). To my surprise it (be) my friend
Peter. He (call) from his mobile and he was very annoyed
because he (lose) his keys and he (cannot) get into his
flat. He (think) he (leave) them at work but now it was
midnight and the office was closed so he (cannot) get in
to check. Luckily I had the keys to his flat because a
month before he (give) me a spare set so that I could look
after his cat while he was on holiday. When he finally
(arrive) to pick them up, it was three o'clock in the
morning, and I (lie) on the sofa fast asleep.