Population census in india
THE POPULATION CENSUS IN INDIA is a main topic in indian demography..this ppt contains basic information regarding indian census...
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1st m.tech urban & regional planning..
IDS MANASAGANGOTHRI , MYSORE, KARNATAKA
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population census in india
Population Census in India
“Population census is the total process of collecting,
compiling, analyzing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a
specific time, of all persons in a country or a well
defined part of a country.
As such, the Census provides a snapshot of the
country’s population and housing at a given point of
* A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring
and recording information about the members of a
given population. It is a regularly occurring and official
count of a particular population. The term is used
mostly in connection with national population and
*An official usually periodic, enumeration of population
often including the Collection of related demographic
HISTORY OF CENSUS
Rig Veda – 800-600 BC
Ain-e-Akbari – Mughal King Akbar (16th
1872 – the first systematic Census conducted all
1881 – the first synchronous Census conducted
all over India
1951 – the first Census of Independent India
2011 – the 15th since1872
– the 7th since Independence
IMPORTANCE OF CENSUS
The census provides information on size,
distribution and socio-economic, demographic
and other characteristics of the country's
population. The data collected through the
census are used for administration, planning
and policy making as well as management and
evaluation of various programmes by the
government, researchers, commercial and
private enterprises, etc.
CENSUS OF INDIA
First regular census -1871
Done after every 10 years
Census 2011 will mark a milestone as the National
Population Register (NPR) will also be prepared
Usually conducted at the end of the first quarter of the
First year in each decade.
National population register
The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register
of usual residents of the country.
The 15th Indian census was conducted in two phases
house listing and population enumeration.
The database is maintained by the Registrar
General and Census Commissioner of India
HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS
AND COLLECTION OF DATA ON
NATIONAL POPULATION REGISTER
April to September 2010
9th to 28th February 2011
Features of NPR
All these provisions make it compulsory for the citizens of
India to register in the database.
The registration with NPR gives identity card which
Commonly known as “Aadhar card.”
• As per Section 14A of the Citizenship Act 1955 as amended
in 2004, it is compulsory for every citizen of the country to
register in the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC).
• The creation of the National Population Register (NPR) is the
first Step towards preparation of the NRIC. Out of the universal
dataset of residents, the subset of citizens would be derived after
due verification of the citizenship status. Therefore, it is
compulsory for all usual residents to register under the NPR.
1.Textual data: it includes basic and additional
Information of households.
2.Biometric data : it includes biometric and
3.Service logs: it includes service flags and service
NPR - UTILITY
Create a comprehensive identity database in the
Help in better targeting of the benefits and services
under the Government schemes / programmes
Strengthen security of the country
Items of Information: NPR
1 Name of person
11 Present address of usual
2 Relationship to
Date of Birth
12 Duration of stay at
3 Father’s Name
13 Permanent Residential
4 Mother’s Name
Place of Birth
14 Occupation / Activity
5 Spouse’s Name
Above details to be collected from all Usual Residents
Photograph, Finger Print and Iris (if approved) to be collected for Usual
Residents aged 15 years and above
POPULATION CENSUS 2011
The Census of India 2011 which started on 1st of April in
2010 is a historical landmark in Indian history.
This will be largest census in human history till date ever
done by any government in the world.
Government of India will collect data from each and every
household in the states and union territories of India.
The Census 2011 is the 15th National Census of India
undertaken by the government after a gap of 10 years.
POPULATION CENSUS 2011
The major highlights of the Census 2011 (Provisional ) are as under:
*The population of India has increased by more than 181 million
during the decade 2001-2011.
*Percentage growth in 2001-2011 is 17.64;
males 17.19 and females 18.12.
*2001-2011 is the first decade (with the exception of 1911-1921)
which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous
*Uttar Pradesh (199.5 million) is the most populous State in the
country followed by Maharashtra with 112 million.
*Population (0-6 years) 2001-2011 registered minus (-)3.08
percent growth with minus (-)2.42 for males and -3.80 for
*Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points
to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001.
This is the highest sex ratio recorded since Census 1971 and a shade
lower than 1961. Increase in sex ratio is observed in 29 States/UTs.
*Kerala with 1084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry
with 1038, Daman & Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.