National Curriculum Development Process (Plan)
Introductory information including the strategic plan for a national curriculum development process, including a strategic plan and to guide a a backward design discussion of the characteristic, of the 'ideal' student, envisaged at the end of primary and secondary schooling.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Curriculum Development Process (Plan)
Dr. Cynthia Crump
From Theory To Practice
Objectives of Workshop
Improve … understanding and practical employment
of the curriculum development process;
Explore current debates and research scholarships … in
Practise ..reviewing and developing curricula and
Curriculum Plan Guide
(i) selecting committee members
stating the underlying belief statements;
(ii) describing the characteristics of the students;
(iii) identifying the subjects in the current review
(iv) outlining interrelated actions and key
stakeholders throughout the curriculum process.
Stakeholder groups are
integral to the curriculum
(Meyers & Bushney, 2008).
specialists or experts
PURPOSE DATA COLLECTION
to identify what is needed
and by whom based on the
issues observed in the
selected environment (El
Members of the curriculum
At the top of a sheet of paper , indicate your stakeholder group. Then
write answers to the following questions….
1. How do you define a ‘National Curriculum’ ?
2. Why do we need a ‘National Curriculum’ ?
3. What might influence the components of a curriculum?
4. Name a subject (Primary and Secondary /teach or
i. What is the MAIN purpose of teaching/learning the
ii. What is the MAIN hindrance in achieving the purpose?
iii. Who should write the curriculum?
5. What might your specific role be in the curriculum
6. What is the purpose of EDUCATION?
To provide for all citizens and
residents, in collaboration with
other stakeholders, a
comprehensive course of
lifelong education which will
enable individuals to develop
and achieve their full potential,
allowing them to make a
meaningful contribution to
National goals, mission, vision
What is the emphasis?
What theories influence statements?
What is the purpose of schooling?
How do national goals match up to the
theory/philosophy of developing the ideal citizen?
Goals, Mission & Vision: Emphasis
[Source: adaptation of www.freeclipart.com]
Citizenship – respect, culture,
national unity, diversity, rights
Gender issues -
history, role of labour
Critical and creative
Science & Technology
and the environment
Personal and social skills and
dispositions: self and others
Core skills: literacy and
numeracy, speaking and
ARE THESE EMPHASIZED
IN THE NATIONAL GOALS?
WHO are we charged with moulding?
Curriculum developers and instructors must
demonstrate understanding of:
level of reasoning;
moral and ethical issues influencing their behavior;
the diversity between male and female and other issues
affecting physical growth and socialization;
the role of interaction;
self esteem and identity issues;
their need for independence and decision making and
attention (Bucher & Lee Manning, n.d.).
lower performance than their counterparts
low levels of literacy and numeracy
Low self-esteem, inadequate learning strategies, and
distractions within the environment could be associated
with these problems.
lack of motivation does result in lack of interest,
appreciation and unacceptable behaviors. (Gredler, 2005;
Lau & Chan, 2001)
Who is the ideal (National) student
Considering the goals, mission and
Write statements to describe the
expected characteristics of students
who graduate from:
CREATE A VISION
GOALS , MISSION
AND VISION and THE
THE IDEAL STUDENT.
process product content
of curricula &
Gredler, M. (2004). Learning and instruction: Theory into practice. (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Daniels, S. (2006). Oklahoma School district goes over the top. Quality Progress, 39(5), 51-59.
Dewey, J. (1997). Experience and education. (1st ed.). New York: Touchstone. (Original work published in 1938).
El Sawi, G. (1996). Curriculum development guide. Population Education for Non-Formal Education Programs of
Out-of-School Rural Youth. Retrieved February 02, 2010, from
Hubisz, J. (2003). Middle School texts don’t make the grade. Retrieved February 28, 2010, from
Jamison, K. (2002). Experiential learning model. Adapted from National 4-H curriculum Handbook, 1992.
Retrieved on February 20, 2010 from http://njaes.rutgers.edu/learnbydoing/ExperLrngInservice2002.ppt
Meyer, M. H., & Bushney, M. J. (2009). Towards a multi-stakeholder-driven model for excellence in higher
education curriculum development. SAJHE 22(6), 1229-1240.
National Curriculum Policy Framework (2009). Curriculum Development Unit. Ministry of Education, Antigua &
Wiggins, G., & McTigue, J. (2006). Understanding by design. (2nd ed.). New Jersey, Pearson.