* Western Sword Fern – Polystichum munitum (pol-ISS-tih-kum
MEW-nih-tum or mew-NEE-tum)
Family: Dryopteridaceae (Woodfer...
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Polystichum munitum

Published on: Mar 4, 2016

Transcripts - Polystichum munitum

  • 1. * Western Sword Fern – Polystichum munitum (pol-ISS-tih-kum MEW-nih-tum or mew-NEE-tum) Family: Dryopteridaceae (Woodfern Family) Native to: Western N. America from AK to Baja, mostly coastal - locally in San Gabriel Mtns; most commonly as understory species in damp conifer woods below 2500 ft. clumping perennial fern mature height: 3-6 ft. mature width: 3-6 ft. Stately large fern. Leaves (fronds) dark green, single-pinnate, clustered around the base. Plants achieve largest size in shady, moist conditions. Individual leaves live 1-2 years and plants are longlived even in gardens. Leaves unfurl like a fiddle-neck – showy. Very tough fern. Growth characteristics: Blooms/fruits: Non-blooming. Spores in two rows of sori that flank the midrib of each pinna. Uses in the garden: Widely used as a garden fern. Plant has a woodsy look, so great in a natural garden under pines and other trees that require regular water. Good choice as an evergreen background in shady areas – for example, to hide a shady wall or fence. As a groundcover on shaded slopes or an accent in large containers. Leaves used extensively in floral arrangements. Young fronds cooked & eaten (in moderation) and poultices & teas used medicinally. Sensible substitute for: Non-native Sword Ferns. Attracts: Excellent cover for birds, insects. Requirements: Element Sun Soil Water Fertilizer Other Requirement Part-shade to full shade Well-drained, acidic (pH 4.0-6.0) soils. Moist soils – Zone 3 OK; use ½ strength every month or so. Use leaf-litter mulch Management: Easy to grow and tough if given adequate shade & water. Cut off dead fronds. Propagation: from spores: challenging by divisions: easy in winter/spring. Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 7, 8, 13, 14, 20 1/31/11 © Project SOUND

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