Pom 2 marks
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pom 2 marks
Meenakshi College of Engg. 2014
PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT
Unit –I Overview of Management
1. Define Management?
It is a process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals
working together in groups efficiently accomplish selected aims.
2. Name the various managerial functions?
Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Leading, Controlling.
3. What are the different managerial skills.?
Technical skills, Human skills, conceptual skills, Design skills.
4. Define productivity?
Productivity is defined as an output to input ratio within a time period with
consideration for quality.
5. Define Organizing?
It is part of managing that involves establishing intentional structure of rows for
people to fill in an organization.
6. Define Leading?
Leading is the process of influencing people so that they will contribute to
organization and group goals.
7. Define coordination?
It is an essence of managerial step for achieving harmony among individual effects
towards the accomplishment of group goals.
8. Define Conceptual skill?
It is an ability to see the “bi picture‟ to recognize significant elements in a situation
and to understand the relationship among the elements.
9. How is Managerial Roles classified?
-Interpersonal Roles -Informational Roles -Decision Roles.
10. What are the different types of plans.
Purpose or mission, objectives, strategies, policies, procedures, rules, programs and
11. Define Goals?
They are the end towards which activity is aimed or they are the results to be
12. Define Policies.
They are also plans in that they are general statements which guide in decision
making. They define an area within which a decision is to be made and ensure that
the decision will be consistent and contribute to an objective.
13. Define procedures?
They are plans that establish a required method of handling future activities.
14. Define budget?
A budget is a statement of expected results expressed in numerical terms. It is
referred as “numbered” programs. The financial operating budget is often called as
Meenakshi College of Engg. 2014
15. Define Management by Objectives?
MBO is a comprehensive managerial system that integrated many key managerial
activities in a systematic manner and that is consciously directed to work for effective
and efficient achievement of organizational and individual objectives.
16. What is Planning Premises?
The anticipated environment in which plans are expected to operate. They include
assumption and forecast of the future and known condition that will affect the
operation of plans.
17. Define Decision Making?
It is defined as selection of a course of action from among alternatives , It is at the
core of planning. A plan cannot be set to exist unless a decision has been made.
18. Define Satisficing?
a. Picking a course of action that is Satisfactory or good enough under the
19. Define Quantitative Factors?
These are factors measured in numerical terms such as time or various fixed and
20. Define Intangible factors?
Difficult to measure numerically such as quality of labour relation, the risk of
technological change or the international political climate.
21. How is Programmed Decision used?
a. A programmed decision is applied to structure or routine proble. Eg. Lathe operators
have rules to tell whether the part they made is acceptable.
22. Write about Non programmed decisions?
They are used for unstructured and ill defined situation of a non recurring nature. Eg.
Marketing a small video camera by Kodak.
23. Define Risk analysis?
Decision makers dealing with uncertainty like to know the size and nature of the risk
they are taking when choosing a xourse of action. Virtually every decision is based
on the interaction of important variables many of which have an element of
24. Define Decision Support System?
DSS used computers facilitate the decision making process of semistructured task.
These systems are designed not to replace managerial judgements but to support it
and make the decision process more effective.
25. Define Social Responsiveness?
It is the ability of a corporation to relate its operations and policies to the social
environment in ways they are mutually beneficial to the company and to society.