Kind of Sentences
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Kind of Sentences
Escuela de Educación ContinuaRepaso para la Prueba de Evaluación y Admisión Universitaria (College Board) INGLÉS Kind of Sentences Preparado por Prof. Carmen Cembalest, Enero 1994 Revisado por Prof. Thelvenitsie Hernández, Junio 2006
I. Kinds of Sentences: A. Declarative Sentence: makes a statement, expresses a fact. Ends with a period. (.) Ex. The computer stores data. B. Interrogative Sentence: Asks a question and ends with a question mark. (?) Ex. Does it know your phone number? Is Puerto Rico an island? C. Exclamatory Sentence: Expresses a strong feeling or emotion. Ends with an exclamation mark ( ! ) Ex. That’s great! What a beautiful sunset! D. Imperative Sentence: Makes a request or a command. Ends with a period ( . ) or an exclamation mark ( ! ) Ex. Print it for me. Please, be quiet. Shut up!Practice Exercise: Classify the following sentences as Declarative, Interrogative,Exclamatory or Imperative and put the end mark.1. What a lot of books you have __________________________________________2. Which Brazilian soccer player popularized the sport___________________________3. All insects have six legs ______________________________________________4. Whew, at last we’re finished ____________________________________________5. Don’t stop to read it now ______________________________________________6. Insects outnumber all other animal groups__________________________________7. Oh! This is my favorite book ____________________________________________8. Who was the baseball’s first black major league player____________________________________________________________________9. Help carry these boxes ______________________________________________10. Bobby Riggs is a tennis player too ______________________________________
II. Kinds of SentencesE. Simple Sentence: Contains an independent clause. Ex. People develop strange hobbies.F. Complex Sentence: Contains an independent clause plus one subordinate clause. (who, which, because, although, while, when) Ex. Melanie, who wants to become a marine biologist, won a prize at the school’s science fair.G. Compound Sentence: Contains at least two independent clauses often joined by: (and, but, or, nor, yet, so, for) Ex. A word processor can improve the efficiency of an office, but it is a costly piece of equipment.H. Compound Complex: Contains at least two independent clauses plus at least one subordinate clause. Ex. A word processor can improve the efficiency of an office but some people prefer typewriters because they are reluctant to change.Practice Exercice: Identify the following sentences as Simple, Compound, Compound Complex._____________ 1. A serious student will try to find a quiet place to work._____________ 2. I had surfing lesson once, but I was not very good at it._____________ 3. This summer should be my best vacation ever, or I shall be surprised._____________ 4. Rachel can play both piano and flute well._____________ 5. While Sue was eating breakfast, she began to feel sick._____________ 6. When the electricity went off, Marie was listening to the stereo, and Linda was reading in bed._____________ 7. Although I practiced for three months, I failed my driving test._____________ 8. The game ended early._____________ 9. I finished typing the paper, and I proofread it carefully.____________ 10. The rain increased, so the officials canceled the game.
III. Direct and Indirect Object:A direct object tells who or what receives the action.An indirect object tells to or for whom or what the action is done.The indirect object comes before the direct object.Ex. John kissed Ana. D.O. Sandra sent a letter. D.O. Sandra sent John a letter. I.O. D.O.C. Practice Exercise: Identify the direct and indirect object in the following sentences.1. The children set the tables for dinner.2. The waitress served us our meals.3. Marian gave her assistant a raise.4. The clerk handed Mom the tickets.5. The usher showed people their seats.6. Grandma made Dan his breakfast.7. The Grays paid the agents a fee.8. Did you find yourself a desk?9. We told the detective the truth.10. Bob ordered himself some eggs.
IV. Passive and Active Voice:A verb is in the active voice when the subject of a sentence performs the action of theverb.When the subject of a sentence receives the action of the verb, the verb is then in thepassive voice.Ex. Lola ate the vanilla pudding. (active) The vanilla pudding was eaten by Lola. (passive)D. Practice Exercise: Identify the following sentences as passive of active voice. 1. The surprise party was organized by Charles. ____________________________ 2. The crowd gave the baseball team a standing ovation. _____________________ 3. Four men loaded the huge morning van. ________________________________ 4. Many people were offended by the comedian. ___________________________ 5. A bomb was found in the suitcase by airport security staff. ________________ Sentence word order: A sentence is composed of a subject, verb and complement. The subject in a sentence indicates the person, thing of idea spoken about. The verb indicates action or non action. The complement explains the action, state, or function of the subject. Ex. David gave Rebecca a kiss at her cheeks. Subj. V. I.O. D.O. Preposiotional Phrase Complements
Practice Exercise XI:Choose the letter of the sentence that indicates the correct word order. 1. (Daniel) (likes) (to the) (go) (store) (never) a. Daniel never to the store likes to go. b. Daniel to the store never likes to go. c. Daniel to the store likes to go never. d. Never to the store Daniel likes to go. e. Daniel never likes to go to the store. 2. (Mr. Jones) (busy) (on) (is) (Sunday) (always) a. Mr. Jones always is busy on Sunday. b. Mr. Jones is always busy on Sunday. c. On Sunday is busy always Mr. Jones. d. Mr. Jones on Sunday is always busy. e. Always busy is Mr. Jones on Sunday. 3. (Jack) (did) (last year) (lettuce) (in) (raise) (his) (garden)? a. Did last year Jack raise lettuce in his garden? b. Did Jack raise lettuce last year in his garden? c. Did in his garden Jack raise lettuce last year? d. Did Jack raise lettuce in his garden last year? e. Did Jack in his garden raise lettuce last year? 4. (can’t) (Jane) (to) (always) (bed) (on time) a. Jane can’t always get to bed on time. b. Jane always can’t get to bed on time. c. On time Jane can’t always get to bed. d. Jane to bed can’t always get on time. e. Jane always to bed can’t get on time. 5. (Does) (usually) (Mrs. Jones) (shopping) (on) (go) (Thursday)? a. Does usually Mrs. Jones go shopping on Thursday? b. Does Mrs. Jones usually go shopping on Thursday? c. Does Mrs. Jones go usually shopping on Thursday? d. Does Mrs. Jones on Thursday usually go shopping? e. Does Mrs. Jones go shopping usually on Thursday. 6. (Joe) (visit) (us) (will) (next) (week) a. Joe will visit us next week. b. Joe will next week visit us. c. Joe will visit next week us. d. Next week Joe will visit us. e. Joe next week will visit us.
7. (Carlos) (ever) (put) (sugar) (doesn’t) (in) (coffee) (his) a. Carlos ever doesn’t put sugar in his coffee. b. Carlos in his coffee doesn’t ever put sugar. c. In his coffee Carlos ever doesn’t put sugar. d. Carlos doesn’t ever put sugar in his coffee. e. Carlos doesn’t ever in his sugar put coffee. 8. (usually) (apples) (in) (color) (red) (are)? a. Are apples usually red in color? b. Are in color apples usually red? c. Are apples red usually in color? d. Apples are usually red in color? e. Are usually apples red in color? 9. (visitors) (from) (coffee) (drank) (cups) (plastic) (the) a. The visitors drank from cups coffee plastic. b. The visitors form plastic cups coffee drank. c. The visitors drank from plastic coffee cups. d. From plastic coffee cups drank the visitors. e. The visitors drank from cups plastic coffee. 10. (libraries) (some) (only) (save) (of) (book) (a) (the) (most) (two) (recent) a. Some libraries save the two copies most recent of a book. b. Some libraries save the most two recent copies of a book. c. Some libraries save the two most recent copies of a book. d. Of a book some libraries save the most two recent copies. e. Some libraries the most two recent copies of a book save.Practice Exercise B: Select the sentence according to the word order. 1. a. The man with the eyeglasses is the math teacher. b. The teacher with the eyeglasses is the man math. c. The math teacher is with the eyeglasses the man. d. With the eyeglasses is the math man teacher. 2. a. Down the street they went car. b. The street the car went down. c. Went down the car in the street. d. The car went down the street. 3. a. Was listening he the cassette. b. He was listening to the cassette. c. Listening he was the cassette. d. The cassette he was listening.
4. a. Are these exercises easy? b. These are very exercises? c. Exercises these are easy? d. Easy these exercises are?5. a. By shaking hands people greet each other. b. Each other people greet by shaking hands. c. People greet each other by shaking hands. d. By shaking hands each other people greet.6. a. Where is Peter working? b. Where is Peter working? c. Where is Peter wherking? d. Where are Peter working?
Este manual es propiedad del Campus Virtual de la Escuela de Educación Continua de la Universidad Metropolitana. El mismo no puede ser reproducido parcial ni totalmente sin laautorización expresa del Decano Asociado del Campus Virtual de la Escuela de Educación Continua de la Universidad Metropolitana. Escuela de Educación Continua de UMET, enero 2012