State Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetables, 2009National Action GuideThe State Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetab...
Promote the Availability of Healthier Foods and Nutrition Services in Schools Schools are uniquely pos...
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Federal Support of State-level Food Policy Councils and Networks -National Action Guide 2009

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Business      Health & Medicine      

Transcripts - Federal Support of State-level Food Policy Councils and Networks -National Action Guide 2009

  • 1. State Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetables, 2009National Action GuideThe State Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetables, 2009 for the first time provides information on fruit andvegetable (F&V) consumption and policy and environmental support nationally and by state.The behavioral indicators are derived from objectives for F&V consumption outlined in Healthy People2010, a framework for the nation’s health priorities, and data is from CDC supported state healthsurveillance systems. The policy and environmental indicators are from multiple data sources and measureseveral aspects of a state’s ability to support the consumption of F&V.Fruits and vegetables, as part of a healthy diet, are important for optimal child growth, weight management,and chronic disease prevention. Supporting increased F&V access, availability, and reduced price are keystrategies to help increase F&V consumption and thus improve nutrition.This action guide summarizes the national data and provides potential actions that government andbusiness leaders, coalitions, community-based organizations, and professionals can take to support Americans’ nutrition.Behavioral Indicators U.S. Fruit and Vegetable Consum ptionThe national Healthy People 2010 fruit objective and Daily Frequency Am ong Adults and Adolescentsvegetable objective are to increase the proportion of 100Americans aged at least 2 years consuming daily ≥2 Adults Healthy Peopleservings of fruit to 75% and ≥3 servings of vegetables to 2010 Fruit Adolescents 7550%, respectively. Prevalence Healthy People 2010 VegetableIn this report, national progress towards the fruit objective, 50vegetable objective, and both fruit and vegetable 32.8 32.2 27.4objectives are assessed from the F&V survey items 25 13.2 14.0included as a 6-item frequency screener in the 2007 9.5Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (adults aged ≥ 018 years) and the 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance ≥2 Fruit ≥3 Vegetables Both ≥2 Fruit and ≥3System (adolescents in grades 9-12). VegetablesPolicy and Environmental Indicators Promote the Availability of Healthier Food Retail in Communities Strategies and policies to improve the food environment can aid fruit and vegetable access, availability, and affordability. The indicators below represent key areas in which policy and environmental support can help make changes in people’s community access to fruits and vegetables.National Data Range Across States• 72% of census tracts have healthier food retailers located within the tract or within 1/2 mile of tract 56 - 84% boundaries• 8 states have a state-level policy for healthier food retail -• 1.7 farmers markets per 100,000 US residents 0.2 - 10.5• 8% of farmers markets accept electronic benefits transfer (EBT) 0 - 50%• 28% of farmers markets accept WIC Farmers Market Nutrition Program coupons 0 - 94%Potential Action Items• Provide financial and nonfinancial incentives to food retailers to open new stores and/or to offer healthier food and beverage choices at existing stores, including fruits and vegetables, in areas with few healthy food options.1, 2• Provide support for farmers markets to purchase wireless electronic benefit transfer (EBT) devices to make it possible for them to accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance (SNAP) and WIC Program EBT cards.2• Engage in outreach and education to encourage residents of lower-income neighborhoods and SNAP and WIC recipients to use farmers markets and farm stands where they are available.2• Improve zoning and transportation policies to make supermarkets, grocery stores, and farmers markets more accessible in communities.2Resources:o PolicyLink offers a tool for concerned residents, policymakers, business leaders, and advocates ideas and strategies for improving access to healthy food in underserved communities: Planning for Healthy Places is a program of the Public Health Law & Policy at the Public Health Institute. This resource provides Model General Plan Language to Protect and Expand Farmers Markets: Leadership for Healthy Communities Action Strategies Toolkit is a guide for local and state leaders working to create healthy communities and prevent childhood obesity: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • 2. Promote the Availability of Healthier Foods and Nutrition Services in Schools Schools are uniquely positioned to model and reinforce healthful eating behaviors such as increasing knowledge of and access to fruits and vegetables on the school campus and at school-related activities. Schools have the ability to provide fruits and vegetable not only to youth, but also teachers, other school staff, parents and community members.National Data Range Across States• 21%* of middle and high schools offer fruits and non-fried vegetables as competitive foods 0 - 39%• 21 states have a state-level policy for Farm to School -*Average percentage across participating states.Potential Action Items• Establish nutrition standards for competitive foods as part of school wellness policies. These standards could require that fruits and vegetables are available and affordable whenever food is offered to students.3• Support policies at all levels that address the availability of competitive foods in schools.3• Monitor and evaluate the implementation and enforcement of nutrition standards.3• Support Farm-to-School initiatives and policies as a way for schools to purchase food from local farms.1Resources:o Council of State Governments, School Wellness Policies, Legislator Policy Brief provides information on the need for legislator intervention in school wellness policies: BC5617940019/0/SchoolWellnessPoliciesFINAL.pdfo CDC resource that provides Local Wellness Policy Tools & Resources for school setting: National Farm to School organization site provides how-to guides, policies, and information about collaborating organizations: Encourage Food System Support A systems approach to food considers the many factors involved in getting fruits and vegetables from farm to consumer including aspects of food production, processing, and distribution. Also included in a food system approach are the participants in that system, including farmers, processors, industries, workers, governments, retailers, institutional purchasers, communities, and consumers.National Data Range Across States• 2.5% of U.S. cropland acreage is harvested for fruits and vegetables 0 - 42.9%• 20 states have a state-level Food Policy Council -• 59 local Food Policy Councils exist around the country 0 - 14Potential Action Items• Organize a Food Policy Council or similar coalition to promote environment and policy change initiatives for healthy eating.1 Members could consist of stakeholders from the broad food system, including government officials; farmers; representatives from local businesses, including food retailers, processors, and distributors; public health practitioners; institutional purchasers; neighborhood associations; and consumers.• Adopt policies that encourage the production, distribution, or procurement of food from local farms.1Resources:o Building local food systems: A planning guide. Rochester, NY: Center for Popular Research, Education and Policy and New York Sustainable Agriculture Working Group, 2006. The North American Food Policy Council site is a component of the Community Food Security Coalition. Their website lists those councils mandated or managed by state governments, a sample budget, how-to guides, and suggested policies: ResourcesCDC is part of the National Fruit and Vegetable Program ( which aims to increase the consumptionof F&V for improved public health. The website highlights a number of tools, recipes, and other resources.The State Indicator Report on Fruits and Vegetables, 2009 including data sources, national and state-by-state data is available at CDC Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity website provides many resources that support states and communities tomake changes through policy and environmental approaches for healthy eating. Available at: For more information and feedback contact indicator_reportFV@cdc.govReferences1. Keener, D., Goodman, K., Lowry, A., Zaro, S., & Kettel Khan, L. (2009). Recommended community strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States: Implementation and measurement guide. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2009. Local Government Actions to Prevent Childhood Obesity. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2007. Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way Toward Healthier Youth. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. to non-Federal organizations are provided solely as a service to our users. These links do not constitute an endorsement of these organizations ortheir programs by CDC or the Federal Government, and none should be inferred. CDC is not responsible for the content of the individual organization Webpages found at these links. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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