National parks 2
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National parks 2
GDAŃSK Natural Treasures of Europe NATIONAL PARKS Bialowieza ForestThis project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the authors. TheCommission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained herein.
Bialowieza ForestBiałowieża Forest is a preserved natural forest that straddles the borderbetween two countries, Belarus and Poland. It is located 70 km north of Brestand 62 km southeast of Białystok. It is one of the last and largest remainingimmense primeval forest that once stretched across the European Plain. Thereis a border crossing for hikers and cyclists within Bia łowie ża Forest.Bialowieza National Park was inscribed on the UNESCO list in 1979.In the park there are no major lakes or rivers. Białowieski Park Narodowy
FloraBialowieza Forest is one of the best preserved naturalforests in Europe. More than two thirds of the park iscovered by deciduous forests. The largest area is covered byoak forests, which grows on the best soils of the forest. Inflooded areas, alder and ash are very common trees. In dryareas coniferous and mixed forests grow. Overall, FloraPark has more than 1,000 species of plants, including 728species of vascular plants (vascular plants) and 277 speciesof lichens.
Dead woodBialowieza National Park is characterized by a largeamount of dead wood. Under tight security, it occupiesabout 25% of all trees. With the decomposition of deadstumps, the soil returns valuable nutritional substances andfertilizes. In addition, dead wood becomes a habitat for amyriad of fungi, bacteria and invertebrates. Many of themare species threatened with extinction, absent elsewhere inEurope.
FaunaBialowieza Forest is a habitat for large numbers ofanimals. You can find both vertebrates and Invertebrates.Bialowieza Forest is the only place in Poland andBelarus, that you can meet the bison. There are more than12,000 species of animals found in the Bialowieza Forest.
TourismFor the Bialowieza National Park each year about 140 000tourists visit. The most common places that are visited bytourists are a museum of the Federal Reserve Bank andreserve of Bison. The Protection Hwoźna has two walkingand cycling trails, the length of 6.5 km and 11.5 km. Invalley Narewka a tower was built to observe the animals.
Sources:• http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Białowieski_Par k_Narodowy• http://www.bpn.com.pl/• http://www.drzewa.puszcza- bialowieska.eu/ XX Secondary School in Gdańsk, Poland Supervision: Marzena Chomziuk Consultation: Beata Piełowska Authors: Joanna Litwinska, Natalia Dymkowska, Karolina Melkumova