Population and poverty
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population and poverty
Poverty is a complex phenomenon,and many factors are responsible forit. Rapid population growth alonecannot explain poverty. Badgovernance, high wealth and incomeinequality and weak economic growthand high fertility rates, especiallyamong the poor, do exacerbatepoverty and make it harder for thegovernment to address it.
Filipino women acrossall socio-economicclasses have expressedtheir desire for fewerchildren. But manyparticularly the poor andless educated, have morechildren than they wantand are unable to achievetheir desired number ofchildren.
An unequivocal and coherent national policy-backed by anadequately funded family planning program that provides accurateinformation and endless access to methods of contraception ofchoice- is pro-poor, pro-women, pro-people and pro-life.
Population growth in the Philippines declined slowly from 3.0% per annum in the early 1970s to 2.5% in the mid-1980s, then levelling to 2.36% in the 1990’s and remaining at this rate today. The leveling of the Philippines population growth decline in the late 1980s through 1990s has resulted in a population size that is larger than the United Nations medium variant population projections. The UN projected RP’s population to reach 86 million by 2010; in fact, that size would already be reached by 2005.
By comparison, Thailand andIndonesia’s population growthrates which were similar to thePhilippines in the early 1970sare down to1.4% and 1.5%,respectively. Likewise, whileThailand’s poverty incidence isdown to 9.8% and Indonesia’s to18.2%, the Philippines povertyincidence remains high at 33%.