Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Native Floridians
Timucua Apalachee Tequesta Calusa Tocobaga N A T I V E T R I B E S O F F L O R I D A
Location – Southwest Florida Diet – Seafood and plants ,chili peppers, papayas, and squash Customs – Three super natural persons ruled ,people had three souls and that souls migrated to animals after their death. Clothing – leather skins, and loin cloths Tools – weirs, spears made from stones, hooks made from bones, and wood for staffs. Housing – huts made out of palm fronds , logs , grass fibers , and wood
Present tribe – Sadly they all died out in the 1700’s Interesting facts –crafts were important to the Calusa culture. They were the most powerful tribe in Florida , and they got most of their wealth by trading and tribute. Language –They spoke a dialect of Calusa.
Location The Tequestas lived in southeastern Florida. They lived in the present day Miami. Diet The Tequestas fished, hunted and gathered. They ate fruits and roots of local plants. Customs When the Tequestas buried their chief’s dead bodies, they put the smaller bones with the body. Europeans began arriving during the 1500’s. They first did not like these Europeans but soon gained there trust. Clothing The Tequestas used dried palm fronds for the woman’s skirts and deerskin for everyone’s cover-up's.
Tools The Tequestas used shark’s teeth and shells for everyday use. They used these tools as hammers, chisels, fishhooks. Shark’s teeth were used to carve out logs to make canoes. Housing The Tequestas used dried palm fronds, twigs, vines and logs to build their huts. Shell middens located around the bay and along the Miami river to show where they once lived. Interesting Facts The Tequestas never gained as much wealth as The Calusas “ Their neighbors to the west.” They also never were as strong as the Calusas. Language The Tequestas language may be closely related to the Calusas language. There are only ten words from the language of those tribes for which meanings were recorded.
Location: The Tocobaga’s lived at the Northern end of Tampa Bay next to the water. Diet: They would usually eat fish and shell fish as the primary type of food, they also at manatees, and fruit Customs: They had five social classes: chiefs, headman, warriors, ordinary people, and slaves. They kept the bodies of their dead in their temples until the bones had been cleaned.
Clothing: The Tocobagas wore deerskin clothing. It helped them to get closer to animals and kill them. They sometimes even wore deer heads. Tools: they used a tool for digging called an adz. They also used an atlatl. It was like a spear they used for hunting. Housing: The Tocobagas houses were made with wooden poles holding up the palm thatches and wood for the walls. Interesting Facts: the Tocobagas built mounds which is a large pile of earth, shells, or stones. The chiefs home and tribe temples were each built on a mound. The Tocobagas also built burial mounds outside the main village area for a place to bury the dead.
Location Northwest Florida near present day Tallahassee Diet Corn, beans, squash, fish, shellfish, plants, nuts, meat, wild berries and flour Customs Games like Apalachee ball, garitas (a building to store food) built on top of poles Clothing The men wore deer skin loincloths and the women wore Spanish moss Tools The Apalachees used stone, bones and shells to make make weapons like spears , bows and arrows .
Housing They lived by lakes. There were 50 to 100 houses per village . There houses are made of palm fronds and wood. Present tribe Today 300 Apalachee members are alive that we know of. We know that they now live in Louisiana. <ul><li>Interesting facts </li></ul><ul><li>They sometimes called their crops “The Three Sisters” The Three Sisters were corn, beans and squash. </li></ul><ul><li>The first group of explorers came in 1528. </li></ul><ul><li>The ball in Apalachee ball is made of clay and buckskin. </li></ul>Language Hitchiof the Muskhogean language.
Location The Timucuas are located in Northeast Florida. Diets Corn, beans, squash, various vegetables, Alligators , manatees, and even whales. Clothing The Timucua were heavily tattooed and most of the tattoos were earned by good deeds. Kids started to get them when they started getting responsibilities. The men wore there hair in buns high above their heads. . Tools Spears ,clubs, bows, and arrows and blow guns . Present Tribe The Timucaus are now an extinct tribe.
Customs They had ceremonies to worship their chiefs , they believed in different gods than we do, like the moon god or the sun god ,and even the animal god. They also had festivals for the harvesting season once it was over or while it was happening, Housing The Timucaus lived in villages where there were usually two kinds of houses. One type of home was a long house . The other was a circular hut. They both were made from palm fronds and wood. Language The Timucaus spoke different dialects of the Timucua language. Different groups did not speak the same dialect. Interesting Facts The Timucaus buried their chiefs when they died in a mound. The Timucaus preserved meat by smoking it over a fire.