Presention for history 2
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Presention for history 2
All the deputies believed in laissez
The aim was to open up a range of crafts
and occupations to more people. They had
restricted the entry of people who had less
privileges regarding employment.
In October 1790
internal tariffs were
abolished , so a
national market was
created for the first
In November 1789 it was announced
that church property would be sold
to benefit the state.
•Many nobles had fled before
the revolution broke and
their properties were
confiscated and sold.
Overall, the peasants paid less and since exemptions
had been removed , a more just system had been
created. However poverty remained.
There were no free trade
which meant that there
was state regulations,
trolls and price controls.
•The church had provided what little
assistance the poor had received from its
lands and its main source of income such as
•The estates of the realm (First, Second and Third
estates) was abolished and replaced with equality.
•Work was given to you for your skills and not
•The third estate felt the king disregarded relief for the poor as a
duty of the state.
Their aims were to get rid of any organisations which had
special privileges and restrictions regarding employment.
It was also to stabilize Germany’s economy by
ending unfair taxes on the less privilege and
abolishing the estates of the realm, this gives
everyone a chance .
To limit the kings power
Getting rid of the estates the assembly
enabled more equality.
Internal tariffs were abolished, so a national market
was created. Goods could the move freely.
The economy benefited from free
trade. There were more price
The assembly set up a committee which,
in 1791, showed for the first time which
showed just how serious the problem was.
There was simply not enough money
available to deal with such an appalling
problem, so nothing was done.
It concluded that nearly two
million people could support
themselves only by begging.
However, not all reforms changed to the
better. The church had provided what
little assistance the poor had received
but it could no longer do so when its
land was sold and it lost its main source
Some of the features of the new system were:
In every canton there was a going to be a
justice of peace which will deal with cases
previously handled by seigniorial courts.
A criminal courts would be found in each
department, trials would be held in
public before a jury. The idea of having a
jury was taken from the English law.
In every All judges were elected by active citizens but only those
who had been lawyers for 5 years were allowed. This ensured that
all the judges were well qualified and accountable.
The lettres de cachet was replaced by a uniform system with a
justice of the piece in which canton and a criminal court with trial
by jury in each department.
The system didn't’t have a fair way of judging crimes.
Lettres de cachet was present meaning the King had unlimited power.
There were no elected judges by active citizens. This never ensured
that all judges were well qualified and accountable.
What are the aims:
A new system was put in place simply to
limit the kings power.
The idea of having a jury that represents
justice and peace was taken from English
In what ways were they an improvement:
The penal code was made humane: torture and mutilation were
The number of capital crimes was reduced.
It replaced all other forms used on those condemned to death.