Pollution: The Silent Killer of Millions in Poor Countries (10 slides)
Pollution is the leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries. Exposures to polluted soil, water and air (both indoor and outdoor) resulted in 8.4 million deaths in 2012 in these countries. More than one in seven deaths in the
world are pollution-related.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pollution: The Silent Killer of Millions in Poor Countries (10 slides)
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HEALTH AND POLLUTION
The Silent Killer of Millions in Poor Countries P”""'""°‘°"°'"’"°"“°"°""°“”°"
Pollution is the leading cause of death in low— and mlddle—income
countries. Exposure to polluted soil, water and air (both indoor and
outdoor) resulted in 8.4 million deaths in 2012 in these countries.
More than one in seven deaths in the world are
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Pollution is conlominclled woler, air
soil, and air lhol is harmful or
poisonous. Pollulion comes in
many forms, and each has 0
dislincl set of solutions.
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Dollution especially mlml: Hilllcluii and can cause Ill 1! Iluiurm.
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ll’-| lll‘. L!l‘r. and many diseases. It also can severely hamper Hﬁolllmlllr
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BY POLLUTION 12-3 (2012)
Low— and Midd| e—income Countries
-> Household air pollution
} Ambient air pollution
I Contaminated sites
} Water, Sanitation & Hygiene
Total Deaths in Low— and Middle-income Countries = 8.4 Million
Tolol Global Deaths = 8.9 Million
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Pollution causes various cancers, heart diseases and lung diseases, to name just a few.
Comparatively, death by pollution is larger than any other major cause. Clearly there is a
need for attention, investment and prevention.
Billions spent on sanitation, malaria, HIV and TB have had a major impact in improving
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LEADING CAUSES OF DEATHS”)
AND PORTION CAUSED BYPOLLUTION (WORLD—2012)
I Total deaths
ALRI: Acute Lower Respiratory Disease 1
GOPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
IHD: Ischaemlc Heart Disease
1. worto Health Organtzaﬁon. (2014)
Burden of disease lrom ambient and household air pollution.
Air pollution estimates. Fleoieved tram http, //www who rnt/
tatre/ healttt_topics/ oiJtaoorair/ databases/ erv
2. Contarrinated sites data extrapolated from GAHP
database Main reference’ Cnatham-Stephens, K.
Caravanos. J. . Erlcsion, B , Suxga»Ampa: o, J. Susilonn. BM
Shanna. P. Landrlgan. FU . Fuller. Ft (2013)
Burden of disease from road: waste sites in India. hdonesia.
and the Phlippinw in 2010. Ermrorimantal Health Perspectives, 121(7) 79l~793
3. wand Health Organization. (2014).
Global burden of disease impacts of poor water. sanitation and hygiene
Retrieved from http: //wwwwho lnt/ wate'_saritation_realth/ god_poor_water/ er1/
A. World Hearth Oigawizaﬁon (2014) The top 10 causes of death
The loleading causesofdaath ‘n the world, 2000 and 2012.
Ftatﬁevecl trot-ri http: //vim/ w who lnt/ meottiacerma/ iactsheets/ fs3l 0/en/
5. World Health Orgmizalion. (2014). Cancer.
Reetevad lrorn http: //virww. who lntlcanoerlenl
8. Institute for Hearth Metrics B10 Evaluaﬁorl (2013, March).
GBD Cause Patterns [Graph]. Retrieved from http, //n‘zl'iub. healthdata. org/ gﬁ3d-cause-pauerris/
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of the burden of disease from pollution
falls on low— and middle-income
countries, who are least equipped to
deal with the problem.
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Poor people in developing countries
oESPEC| ALLY WOMEN
continue to be poisoned, suffer
lifelong disabilities, and die prematurely
Our economy is global Contaminated air from Mercury from gold Arsenic and other toxins
and so are the newly industrialized mining and coal plants are found in rice and i
pollutants. countries pose a threat can be found in fish other foods exported
to neighboring countries everywhere around the world.
‘Many highly Poiiuting Clean technologies and Western nations have And can now transfer
industries have moved green growth are had success in cleaning technology and funding
°V°'5°,35 i° 99°’ °°”""'ie5 possible for emerging up their toxic and legacy to i0W- and
'a°". '"9 e"""°”'“e”‘a' economies. pollution middie'i"C°"‘e
regulations and technology. countries
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How can we 9 K
Fix the problem .
Prioritizing the prevention and clean—up of toxic pollution will mitigate
climate change, reduce threats to biodiversity, and
(6 .7 A I I I ltlentify and assess toxic
GLOBAL ALLIANCE on espe«; «alI_v, ro_r
HEALTH AND POLLUTION contaminated sites:
The Global Alliance on Health and
Pollution (GAHP) galvanizes
resources to assist low- and
Pii0iiiY l00iiUii0i”| Pi0biem5- A5 We" to prioritize action for Implement solutions to
as educating on all forms of problems posing the save lives.
pollution, GAHP helps countries gieaiesi iiSi< i0 itiiman
I I I I
Pollution is not inevitable.
IN OUR LIFETIME.
Partnering to rid the world of Ion: houpots
middle-income countries address Create a planmng process / 5
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