Politics of Malta
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Politics of Malta
Politics of MaltaBenedict (Viktor) Gombocz
Geography of Malta Location: Southern Europe, islands inthe Mediterranean Sea, south ofSicily (Italy) Area:◦ Total: 316 sq km◦ Country comparison to the world: 208◦ Land: 316 sq km◦ Water: 0 sq km Area – comparative: Slightly lessthan twice the size ofWashington, D.C. Land boundaries: 0 km Coastline: 196.8 km (does notinclude 56 km for the island of Gozo)
Physical Map of Malta
Background of Malta’s political system Politics of Malta function within a structure of a parliamentary representativerepublic, with the President of Malta as the constitutional head of state, inwhom executive power is vested, with the all-purpose direction and control ofthe Government of Malta remaining with the PM of Malta, who leads thegovernment and the cabinet. Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Malta, which comprises thePresident of Malta and the unicameral House of Representatives of Malta, withthe Speaker as the supervising officer of the legislative body. Judicial power remains with the Chief Justice and the Judiciary of Malta. Malta’s party electoral structure has been ruled by the Christian democraticNationalist Party (Partit Nazzjonalista) and the social democratic Labour Party(Partit Laburista) since independence.
Malta’s political system:Government of Malta Capital: Valletta◦ Largest city: Birkirkara Official languages: Maltese(national / official), English(official) Demonym: Maltese Government: Parliamentaryrepublic President: George Abela Prime Minister: Joseph Muscat Legislature: House ofRepresentatives
Malta’s political system: Executivebranch Malta became a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth under its 1964constitution. Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom was sovereign of Malta, with a Governor-Generalexercised executive power on her behalf, even though the government’s actual directionand the country’s affairs were in the cabinet’s hands under a Maltese PM’s leadership. The constitution was amended on 13 December 1974; Malta became a republic within theCommonwealth, with executive power vested in the President of Malta, and that power canbe exercised directly or through officers to whom he is superior. The House of Representatives elects the president for a five-year term. The president nominates the leader of the party with a majority of seats in the unicameralHouse of Representatives (Maltese: Kamra tad-Deputati) as PM. The President also nominally nominates, upon the PM’s suggestion, the individualministers, who are chosen from among the members of the House ofRepresentatives, which, unless extra seats are given to a party which wins an absolutemajority of votes (but not a Parliamentary majority), typically is grouped of 65 members. Elections need to take place at least every 5 years; the electoral structure used is singletransferable vote.
Malta’s political system:Legislative branch Elections to the House of Representatives(Kamra tad-Deputati) are modeled on thesingle transferable vote structure, whichsequentially is a modification of theproportional representation electoral structure. First vacancies are filled by process of casualelection and later vacancies by process of co-option; this means that no by-elections occurbetween one general election and the other. The Parliamentary term may not surpass fiveyears. Normally, 65 members are elected to the Housefrom 13 multi-seat constituencies, eachreturning 5 MPs. Additional MPs are elected intwo conditions:◦ When a party wins 50%+1 of first-preference valid votes inthe election, but fails to obtain a Parliamentary majority, itis given enough seats (claimed by the best runner-upnominees) to achieve a Parliamentary majority.◦ When in an election contested by more than two partiesonly two of those parties make it to Parliament and therelative Parliamentary power is not in proportion to the firstpreference votes acquired, extra seats are assigned toestablish proportionality. A third electoral amendment has been passed;it assures strict-proportionality as regardsvotes and seats to parliamentary politicalgroups.
Malta’s political system:Parliamentary parties Nationalist Party (PartitNazzjonalista, PN) Labour Party (Partit Laburista, PL)
George Abela Born in Qormi on 22 April 1948. 8th and current President of Malta;assumed office on 4 April 2009. Was born to George and Ludgarda (néeDebono) Abela. Attended the local primary school inQormi, and the Lyceum in Hamrun. Enrolled in the University of Malta in1965; earned his Bachelor of Artsdegree there. Briefly continued his studies as aninstructor and became a notary public;graduated as a lawyer in 1975. Was instantly employed by the GeneralWorkers’ Union as a legitimate advisor;worked within the Union for 25 years,thus acquiring substantial familiarity inemployment law.
Joseph Muscat Born in Pietà on 22 January 1974. 13th and current PM of Malta;assumed office on 11 March2013, following the Labour Party’svictory in the March 2013 generalelection. Also the current leader of the LabourParty since 6 June 2008. Was Leader of the Opposition from 1October 2008-10 March 2013. Previously served as an MEP from2004-2008.
Nationalist Party Christian-democratic and conservativepolitical party in Malta. One of Malta’s two biggestparties, together with the ruling LabourParty. Founded by Fortunato Mizzi in 1880 asthe Anti-Reform Party, in oppositionto taxation decreed by the Britishcolonial authorities and standards toAnglicise the educational and thejudicial systems. The existence of Italian immigrantsfrom the Risorgimento gave the party aliberal constitutionalist quality in PN’searly days and a pro-Italian positionwhich lasted up to the Second WorldWar. Member of International DemocratUnion and Centrist DemocratInternational (International affiliation)and European People’s Party(EPP, European affiliation and EP group).
Labour Party Social-democratic political party inMalta. Founded 15 October 1920. Led by current PM Joseph Muscat. One of Malta’s two biggest parties,along with the Nationalist Party. Ruling party in the Maltese House ofRepresentatives after having defeatedthe Nationalist Party in the March 2013elections. Member of Socialist International(International affiliation, observer),Party of European Socialists (Europeanaffiliation), and Progressive Alliance ofSocialists and Democrats (EP group).
The End (Tmiem)