Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National sociolinguistic
NATIONAL LANGUAGES AND LANGUAGE PLANNING
Budi Ardian Saputra
ENGLISH DEPARMENT PROGRAM
SEKOLAH TINGGI KEGURUAN DAN PENDIDIKAN
In this sociolinguistic we learn about national language and language planning, about language
national is language formal from own country, for example we live in Indonesia and Indonesia
have the national language is bahasa Indonesia. And bahasa Indonesia often use and formal use
in school, campus and politic office.
And the function of bahasa Indonesia if to united from other culture and the first tool
communication of communication.
National language: it is the main language of political, social and cultural practices, where people
use it as a symbol of their national unity / Official language is the language used by governments
for formal functions / In a monolingual community, a national language is usually also the official
language, but in bilingual or multilingual communities, it may or may not be the official language.
For example: English and French are both official languages in Canada.
Planning for a national official language:
1- Selection: selecting the variety or code to by developed.
2- Codification: standardising its structural or linguistic features.
3- Elaboration: extending its functions for use in new domains.
4- Securing its acceptance: acceptance by people in terms of attitude & prestige.
Linguists have played an important role at the micro level of language planning activates. Many
of them work as members of communities with a lot of influence on language planning, and
especially on the standardization or codification of a particular variety. Example: Samuel Johnson's
40,000-word dictionary was a landmark in the codification of English.
Acquisition planning: sociolinguists can make a contribution to organized efforts to spread a
language by increasing the number of its users, by using it in the education system (language-in-
Education planning) or in the media domains such as news papers, radio, etc.
1. Holmes Janet. An introduction to sociolinguistic. Wellington, New Zealand. 1990.