Natural law – essay structures
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natural law – essay structures
Natural Law – Essay Structures By the end of this lesson you will have: •Identified essay structures for a variety of questions which could be asked on natural law • Decided how you would approach these questions• Thought of your own questions which might be asked
‘Outline natural law’• Trigger word – many features, not as many examples• Key words• Background/influences• Purpose/reason/good• Precepts – primary/secondary• Acts – interior/exterior efficient/final cause• Virtues
‘Explain the importance of goods and virtues in Natural Law’• Trigger word – focus on goods and virtues, use a lot of examples• Background/influences – focus on eudemonia – good and happiness• Reason/purpose – focus on the use of reason to discern what is good and the meaning of purpose to please God and to end in heaven• Precepts – the ultimate purposes in life to guide us to being good• Acts – real and apparent goods, misguided reason. Interior/exterior, both must be good for an act to be good.• Virtues – cardinal – all have them• Revealed – only found in the Bible• Fulfilling the virtues and the precepts will guide us away from sin, although St Paul and Aquinas acknowledged that no one will ever be free from sin
‘Examine the use of precepts in natural law’• Trigger word – as this is a narrow question lots of examples and evidencing will be required.• Key words and background.• Purpose and reason.• Primary precepts – absolutist, universal, written upon us.• Secondary precepts – aren’t absolute, but can change, i.e polygamy.• Examples – abortion/euthanasia• Acts – must not go against the primary precepts• Goods – real and apparent, misguided reason can make us stray from primary precepts i.e. Homosexuality.
HIGH GRADE EXTRAS• Michael Hornsby-Smith extract in your booklets, demonstrates how Hornsby Smith believes that Natural Law is at the heart of Catholic Social Teaching, and is a GOOD basis for moral decision making. He argues that it is used as a basis for family solidarity. Catholic Social Thought• Gerard Hughes extract in your books tells us that ‘natural law’ is what distinguishes humans from other things in the natural world. Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy