Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - EngR102NathanielHawthorne
Born: July 4, 1804 Salem,
Died: May 19, 1864 Plymouth, New
• Was born Nathaniel Hathorne after his father
making him related to John Hathorne, the only
judge from the Salem Witch Trials to never
admit repent for what happened in the trials.
• He did not like the relation so he added a “w”
in order to hide it.
• His father was a sea captain and died of yellow
fever when he was four, leaving him with his
mom, brothers and uncle.
• His uncle Robert Manning had helped his
mom with finance and living, and had even
financed his education at Bowdoin College.
“I do not want to be a doctor and live by men's diseases, nor a minister to live by their
sins, nor a lawyer and live by their quarrels. So, I don't see that there is anything left for
me but to be and author."
• Although not very interested, Hawthorne went to college
from 1821 and graduated in 1825.
• He only studied the basics not wanting to major in anything in
paticular and graduated as an average student.
• After graduating in 1825, he went back home to his mother in
Salem. He spent his most of his time reading and writing
trying to get all his first series of short stories published but
failed and were given to the fire.
• Lived with his mother until 1836 when he served as an
editor for the American Magazine of Useful and
Entertaining Knowledge. He lived with friend and poet
Thomas Green Fessenden on Hancock Street in Beacon
Hill in Boston.
• 1839 he was offered a job as a weigher and gauger at The
Boston Custom House with a salary of 1,500 a year.
• 1837 Twice Told Tales was published and had made him
• “I HAD NOT LIVED, BUT ONLY DREAMED ABOUT LIVING.”
“SHE IS MY DOVE”
• Hawthorne had met his soon to be wife
Elizabeth Peabody, and in 1841 joined the
transcendentalist Utopian Community at
Brook Farm so he could save for a home for
him and soon to be wife.
• July 9, 1842 he and Elizabeth tied the knot.
THAT MARRDIED LIFE
• After marrying moved to Concord, Massachusetts where they had their
first daughter Una on March 3, 1844.
• 1846 was appointed “Surveyor for the District of Salem and Beverly and
Inspector of the Revenue for the Port of Salem making 1,200 a yr. but lost
his job a little later due to being a Democrat and the changes that were
• He returned to writing and continued to being a father after his son Jullian
Hawthorne was born in 1846.
• 1850 The Scarlett Letter published and was at the time the most published
book selling 2,500 volumes in ten days, letting him collect $1,500 for 14
• His third child was born, Rose Hawthorne in May of 1851
“Write till I Die”
• Moved back to Concord and bought a hillside and
called it “The Wayside”
• Continued to write and compose books, and
composed great classics that followed “The Scarlett
Letter” such as Moby Dick, Tanglewood Tales, Moses
From An Old Manse, House Of The Seven Gables, The
Blithedale Romance, and The Marble Faun.
“Wrinkled With Time and Trouble”
• During the America Civil War, Hawthorne traveled to
Washington, D.C. and there he had met Abraham Lincoln and
other notable figures leading him to write “Chiefly About War
Matters” in 1862
• He continued to be a father to his children growing old and
dealing with pain in his stomach he died in his sleep while on
tour of The White Mountains.
• He died May 19 1864 in Plymouth, New Hampshire.