Popular music (spanish folklore and urban)
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Popular music (spanish folklore and urban)
– Cultured Music is written, theorical, it requires years of
study to be performed, is led to an specific public...
On the contrary...
– Popular Music: is aimed at all audiences, has a comercial
purpose, musicians are often not professionals, is not
we distinguish two
types of popular
Depending on the
FUNCTION of the
1) Traditional/Folkloric Music
● It has a SOCIAL function, because is
performed at the important events in
– 'Canciones de trabajo'
● Panaderas de Zamora
● Canciones de la mina
– 'Canciones de juego'
● Al corro de la patata
– 'Canciones de cortejo'
● It has a COMMERCIAL function,
because it is made to be consumed
for a public.
1) Urban music
Other differences between
Traditional Music and Urban Music
The author is unknown, Written and sung
is performed by amateur by 'professional
Is spread mouth by mouth Is spread by the
The word FOLKLORE comes from the english
– Folk: people (pueblo)
– Lore: knowledge (conocimiento)
– *This word appears in the XIXth century, when
the interest for the popular traditions appears.
● Musicology: Science that studies the
– Ethnomusicology: Part of the
musicology dedicated to the traditional
Thus, every country has its
own folklore, but we are
going to study the Spanish
Traditional music in Spain is huge.
We have lots of musical forms...
– extended through the whole country,
– and others typical from each community.
Danza Prima (Asturias)
Lyric: Narrative song telling historic
episodes, love stories or social events.
Romance del Conde Olinos
Music: Strophic song, that repeats an only
● Although the most famous jotas are from Aragón y
Navarra, we can find many kinds of jotas in all
● 'Jota' comes from 'Xotar' (saltar)
The Jota is a song to dance in a ternary
rhythm with instrumental
accompainment, usually performed in a
● Acitivity 1:
Ask your parents, grandparents, neighbours... about
-1º)Prepair a small questionary:
- About the interviewed: name, age, profession
- About the song: title, how did he/she know about it,
function and way to sing it (with dance, with instruments...)
-2º)Ask the person to sing the song and record it
-3º)Select three recordings and make an exposition to
Many instruments come from other cultures
and are then accepted in the cultured music:
– Guitar, Lute, Rabel... come from the arabic music.
Sometimes, the people take the objects from
the cotidian life:
– Pan, bottles, mortero...
We can see some of these instruments in the
'tuna' (click on the picture)
● Activity 2:
● Make a work, in pairs, with pictures and music
about the folklore from one part of Spain,
including information about the music, dances,
instruments, main festivities and typical
In the Xxth century, two big musical movements
will change the music tradition:
● Jazz, in the 1st half of the century
● Rock, in the 2nd half.
Both originated from the BLUES
Is a melancholic character style of
Song ('blue' means sad).
It originated from the
union of black slaves songs
from the Mississippi...
...and the european
*Watch the beginning of Feel Like Going Home, by Scorsese
The Blues has a 12 bar structure (with the basic
chords on I,IV and V) that will be the base for
Rock & Roll.
Is an style based on the improvisation.
Is influenced by the syncopated rhythms of the
ragtime and uses the militar bands wind
*A short documentary about the Jazz origins
Rock & Roll
It originated from the mix of Blues, Country,
Electric guitar and Drums.
It appeared in 1954 withthe song Rock around the clock.
Elvis Chuck Berry Jerry
*One of the best movies about rock is Great Balls of Fire
Is the black vocal music
● Cadillac Records
● The Supremes
The american folk comes from the Blues and
often uses the harmonic and the guitar.
One type of american folk is the Country, that has
Melodic lines from Folk
Electric guitar from Rock
Other styles born from Pop, Rock
and technologies are
Heavy Metal Punk
*Heavy metal develops in many styles
* Punk presents very critical lyrics and a very simple melodies and
harmonies, with fast rhythms.
Grunge Hip hop
*Kurt Cobain, from Nirvana, became an icon for his generation.
*Hip Hop is not only a music, is an urban style (rap, breakdance, graffiti)
The appearance of the synthesizers, the beat
boxes and the samplings from funk songs
resulted in several styles like electro-funk and
One of the first groups were Kraftwerk and Afrika Bambata