President zia's regime Pakistan
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - President zia's regime Pakistan
The Longest Martial Law
The Zia Regime(11 Years)
• At the end of Bhutto Era: General elections
were held between PPP and PNA (pakistan
• Political Chaos give way to Military
political parties led to military take over in the
form of martial law.This time martial law was
being enforced for the third time.
• Hanging of Bhutto :
Ultimately Bhutto was put bhind bars and
hanged in Rwp.
• Assurances given by President Zia:
• Army will act as neutral force.
• It will hold elections within 90 days.
• It will go back to its barracks after it.
Important Events of Zia’s Regime
• Formation of Majlis-e-shoora:
Elections were postponed and 350 members
were selected out of political parties including
islamic parties to assist government in running
its machinery .
• Supported movement of islamiazation:
• He tried to take steps that resulted in
enforcement of islamic principles.
• Introduced zakat and ushr Ordinance:
• Under this ordinance zakat was made
compulsory on PLS saving accounts and ushr
was enforced on land earnings.
• Islamic punishments for all crimes except murder:
• Islamic punishments were enforced under it.
• Gave boost to islamic parties:
• This led to heightened sectarian militancy.
• Afghan refugee problem:
• Due to soviet union invasion ,President Zia
opened international border for afghan refugees.
• Cumulative effect:
• General Society became harsh and stern.
• Klashinkov culture
• Drug cultures-widespread drugs addiction .
• Able to replenish ammunition.
• Went ahead with nuclear programme.
• Loss of Siachen to india.
• M.Khan Junejo was appointed as P.M.
• Mr.Junejo was known as man of sterling
qualities(He practised and imposed reduction
in govt. espenditure.and cut down protocols
of military and civil high officials).
• Eighth amendment:
• Due to this amendment president can dismiss
P.M. and dissolve assemblies any time.
• And He can remain both president and chief
of Army Staff at the same time.
• Ojhri Camp:
• Ammunition depot in Rwp exploded resulting
in considerable human loss.
• Bahawalpur tragedy:
• Zia had grip over state of affairs
• Military was not revolting against him
• Public was not ready to participate in any
movement against him.so,
• Plotted successful conspiracy:
• Because of this we as a nation was deprived
of one great statesman.
• Zia’s martydoom paved way for Benazir
• Zia’s personality:
• History remember him as very capable and
competent man-determined to make changes.
• He was a military ruler and yet millions of
people shed tears on the eve of his