National Hero of Turkey - Ataturk
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Hero of Turkey - Ataturk
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
NATIONAL HERO OF TURKEY
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK
Why We have only one statue everywhere?
Atatürk was born in Selanik(His
house is located at Apostolu Pavlu
Avenue, Aya Dimitria district in
Salonika,Greece.) in 1881.
His father was Ali Rıza Efendi,
and his mother was Zübeyde
Hanım. His parents called him
His father , Ali Rıza Efendi died when little
Mustafa started primary school, so they moved
to another city. They stayed there with his
uncle. He worked on his uncle's farm for some
time. Then, he went back to Selanik, and
started Şemsi Efendi School again. Later, he
entered the exam for the Military School and
he passed it.
He was very hardworking student. He finished the Military School and
joined the army as a young officer. He fought in Dardanelle Wars. Then,
he became the chief commander of the Turkish Independence War.He
saved our country with his friends from the very strong nations of the
world. And he overcomed them.
Then, he invited all the Turkish patriots to Ankara on the "19 of
March,1920". He opened the Turkish Grand National Assembly by a
religious ceremony on the "23 of April, 1920". Since 1927 it has also become
Children's Day (Turkish: Çocuk Bayramı). And it’s also the only festival
which is dedicated to children in the world.
Every year,on 23 of April
Turkey hosts lots of children
from other countries(about
800 children,from 70
On 23 of April, children
visit Atatürk’s Mausoleum
and then they perform
show their loves to Atatürk
and their nation.
Atatürk is the founder of Turkish Republic. He founded the
Republic of Turkey on the "29 of October, 1923". And he became
the first president of the Turkish Republic. In 1934 The Turkish
Grand National Assembly gave him the surname "Atatürk".
Atatürk means “the Father of Turks” in English.
On 29 January 1923, Mustafa Kemal married Latife Uşaklıgil.In his
leisure time, he enjoyed reading and writing (books and a personal
journal), horse riding, playing chess, and swimming. He was also an
avid dancer and enjoyed both the waltz and traditional Zeybek folk
He has written many books about politics,military etc. And he also has
written a geometry book in the last years of his life.
One of the most
important legacies of
Atatürk to his nation is
the book “Nutuk”
which tells his
Independence War till
On 10 th November , 1938, following an illness of a few months, the
national liberator and the Father of modern Turkey died. But his
legacy to his people and to the world still endures.
Atatürk’s body rests today in his mausoleum, called “Anıtkabir”, in Ankara.
His six principles still serve today as a sign post for establishing a democratic government:
Republicanism: This is the principle which forms the main construction and shape of
the Turkish Government. This is the system in which equality is the main idea. Everybody
has the right to participate in the elections.
Nationalism: Turkish people are keen on their independence and liberty.They have a
strong feeling of love and pride for Turkey.
Secularism: It doesn’t merely mean the seperation of state and religion but also the
seperation of religion from educational,cultural and legal affairs.
Populism: This is the principle that protects the rights of people without class
distinctions. The best diplomacy should be used for sake of the people. Nobody has got
more rights than others.
Reformism: It means making changes and replacing traditional institutions with modern
institutions. These changes help people rise to the level of modern and civilized societies.
Statism: Turkey’s complete modernisation is very much dependent on economic and
technological development. The state must regulate the country’s general economic
The Sultanete was abolished in 1922, November 1st.
The Republic was declared in 1923, October 29th.
Given the vote and the right to hold office to women in 1934
The activities of religious sects were banned by law. ( 1925)
The Metric system was introduced. ( 1931)
Western calender was introduced. ( 1925)
International numeric system was introduced. ( 1928)
Educational and Cultural Reformations
Introduction and the acceptance of the Roman alphabeth. ( 1928 )
The foundation of Turkish History Institution
The foundation of Turkish Language Institution
● Peace at home, peace in the world.
● Teachers are the one and only people who save nations.
● Do not be afraid of telling the truth.
● To see me does not necessarily mean to see my face. To understand my
thoughts is to have seen me.
● Victory is for those who can say “Victory is mine”. Success is for those
who can begin saying “I will succeed” and say “I have succeeded” in the
● Unless a nation's life faces peril, war is murder.
No country has reached a strong and speedy modernisation movement
from the root, as was achieved by the Father of the New Turkey.
Bulgarian Dness Journal
-Turkey is in possession of a genius man that friends and foes are
-In the life of a nation it is very seldom that changes to such a radical
degree were carried out in such a short period of time... Without a doubt,
those who have done these extraordinary activities have earned the
attributes of a great man in the complete sense of the world. And because
of this, Turkey can be proud of itself. (October 31, 1933)
Eleutherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece
-Ataturk has been the first man in our century to prove the historical fact
which is, “there is nothing that can not be done."
-The world has become destitute with the death of this great man, the hero
of war and peace.
Pester Lioyd Journal
There is no domain where his creative and vivacious patriotism has
not got into action.
-The military genius and a stateman’s philosophic genius were
collected in Atatürk.
-The great Turkish nationalist has passed away but his masterpiece is
alive and it is climbing the steps that will take it to the road to power
every day. The Mausoleum of Kemal Atatürk in Ankara is the symbol
of continuous unity and reform.”
• UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
During a conversation with the Foreign Affairs Minister of the Soviet Union,
Litvinov, I asked him who was, according to him, the most valuable and
remarkable statesman of Europe. He replied that, the most valuable and
interesting leader in the world was the President of the Turkish Republic,
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
Franklin D. ROOSEVELT (U.S. President, 1928)
Because of the 25th year of Atatürk's death, I want to express the
feelings of loyal friendship felt for the Turkish nation by the French
nation. Today, Turkish history even more than ever is inseparable
from Western and European history. Atatürk's efforts in this direction
were not left without results. The friendship between our countries
that has surpassed hundreds of years, has formed the foundation for
Charles de GAULLE, President of France
Mustafa Kemal is the heart of a new
Turkey. He has built a strong new country
from a worn-out nation, and with his
unequaled character and energy, he has
earned the respect and trust of everyone.
Ma Shao-Cheng (Writer)
If history had a heart, it surely would be
jealous of Mustafa Kemal.
Tchang Yang Yee Pan Newspaper, 1958