Natural disaster's affect on poverty
Power Point for FSHN342
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natural disaster's affect on poverty
by Andrew Fausch
Developing nations/ impoverished people more vulnerable to devastation lack of application of building standards or land use planning deterioration of older inner city building structures disaster preparedness and early warning are non-existent health coverage usually weak or not easily accessible poor have very little to fall back on Does our aid help when natural disasters strike? ex. Hurricane Mitch, Honduras
5,657 people killed, 1/3 of people suffered significant economic damage Within 30 days US had delivered 2 million pounds of food, 115,000 pounds of medicine, 97,000 pounds of water, and 600,000 pounds of other supplies. Study concluded that those incurring the most losses received the most aid. Poorest Hondurans received the aid they needed
Are households able to quickly reestablish their livelihoods and the assets needed to support them? Or is recovery slow and drawn out? Ethiopian drought, 1998-2000 Much longer and drawn out in comparison to a hurricane or earthquake 90% loss of crops Short term fix- massive amounts of food aid arrived Major livestock loss going forward (during drought farmers sold their livestock at less than 50% market value) Study showed that the extreme poor reestablished their livelihoods quickly compared to more well off Ethiopians
-At first Surprised. Going into the assignment I thought I would read about how the poorest of the poor are the ones that suffer the most hardships and cant pick themselves back up. After reading explanations it makes a lot more sense. Those with more to lose are going to lose more. You cant lose what you dont have Getting back what you had is easier when you never had much to begin with.
Categorical Imperative- If some have access to the means of survival then all should have access to the means of survival. Rights- (universal) All people should have the right to food, water, ability to recover from devastation, livelihood. Utilitarianism- Seek the greatest good for the greatest amount of people. Optimizing happiness in a society while minimizing pain. Intuition- We know in our hearts that it is right to help people that are impoverished and need our help. Showing beneficence, doing good.
Carter M, Little P, Mogues T, Negatu W. 2006. Poverty Traps and Natural Disasters in Ethiopia and Honduras. Science Direct. Retrieved from web 29 July 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.lib.iastate.edu/science/article/pii/S03057 50X07000149 Environment News Service. 2004. Natural Disasters Deadlier in Poor Countries. Retrieved from web 29 July 2012 from http://www.ens- newswire.com/ens/feb2004/2004-02-04-04.html Morris S, Wodon Q. 2003. The Allocation of Natural Disaster Relief Funds: Hurricane Mitch in Honduras. Science Direct. Retrieved from web 29 July 2012 from http://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.lib.iastate.edu/science/article/pii/S03057 50X0300072X