National drinking water mission
National drinking water mission
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National drinking water mission
UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
NATIONAL DRINKING WATER MISSION
Presented By :
Manohara H M
Dept. Of Agricultural Economics
• The first major push to rural water supply came with the Accelerated
Rural Water Supply Program (ARWSP) in the 1970s, which gave full
grant to the State governments for implementing water supply
schemes in problem villages.
• The second major push came by establishing the National Drinking
Water Mission (NDWM), later renamed as the Rajiv Gandhi National
Drinking Water Mission (RGNDWM)
• To provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking,
cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis.
• This basic requirement should meet minimum water quality
standards and be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and
in all situations.
• Water is a public good and every person has the right to demand
• To increase economic productivity and improve public health, there is
an urgent need to immediately enhance access to safe and adequate
drinking water and Government should give highest priority to the
meeting of this basic need for the most vulnerable and deprived
sections of society.
• Safe drinking water for all, at all times, in rural India.
• To ensure permanent drinking water security in rural India.
• To ensure drinking water security through measures to improve
existing drinking water sources and conjunctive use of groundwater,
surface-water and rain water harvesting based on village water
budgeting and security plan prepared by the local government
• Delivery of services by the system for its entire design period of
quality of water in conformity with the prescribed standards at both
the supply and consumption points.
• To enable communities to monitor and maintain surveillance on their
drinking water sources;
• To ensure that all schools and anganwadis have access to safe
• To provide enabling environment for Panchayat Raj Institutions and
local communities to manage their own drinking water sources and
• It is observed that water supply schemes designed to provide 40
litres per capita per day for the entire population in a habitation are
often not providing drinking water to people living at the tail end of
the schemes or throughout the year.
• As such there is a need to move ahead from the conventional norms
of litres per capita per day norms to ensure drinking water security
for all in the community.
• Water supply for drinking and cooking should maintain quality as per
the prescribed as per BIS standards and for other household and
animal needs, the water should be of acceptable standard.
• To prevent contamination of drinking water in the conveyance
system, it is advisable to adopt 24 x 7 supply where ever possible. The
cost of water supply provision beyond the basic minimum need must
be borne by the consumers.
• This therefore emphasizes the need to establish quality assurance
programs for water supplies to reduce the potential risk of
contamination of water supply.
• To enable the community to plan, implement and manage their own
water supply systems, the State should transfer the program to the
PRIs particularly to the Gram Panchayats for management within the
• Based on the above, the "Accelerated Rural Water Supply
Programme" has been renamed as "National Rural Drinking Water
Steps to Ensure Source Security
• Because of its vulnerability under different circumstances, in order to
achieve water security at the individual household level, the water
supply system should not depend on a single source.
• Adopting integrated approach by revival of traditional systems,
conjunctive use of surface and ground water, storage of rain water
• Convergence with the MGNREGS program for construction of new
ponds rejuvenation of the old ponds, including de-silting, should be
built into the system design and execution.
• To ensure household level drinking water security and potability,
community standalone water purification systems could also be
Long Term Sustainability
• To ensure lifeline drinking water security under all circumstance and
at all times, it may be required to have an alternate sub district,
district and or state level water supply system in the form of a grid
supplying metered bulk water to GPs/ village by adopting an
• State or district or sub district level grid could be in the form of major
pipelines, canals or any other appropriate system connecting major
• To make norms and guidelines broad-based and allow flexibility to
the community to plan water supply schemes based on their needs
and to suit the local requirement, it is recommended that desirable
service level should be decided in consultation with the community.
• A habitation in which all the households do not have the basic
minimum drinking water facility of potable quality at a convenient
location on a sustainable basis is to be considered as uncovered.
• Starting with the Eleventh Plan, the endeavor is to achieve drinking
water security at the household level. Average per capita availability
may not necessarily mean assured access to potable drinking water to
all sections of the population in the habitation.
• The maintenance of water supply systems, ensuring water quality,
reliability and convenience of availability to every rural household in
an equitable manner has been given priority.
• The fundamental basis on which drinking water security can be
ensured is the decentralized approach through Panchayati Raj
Institutions (PRIs) and community involvement.
• This needs to be achieved in Mission mode by involving the
community and at the same time enriching their knowledge and skills
in a way that rural households and communities are truly empowered
to manage and maintain their drinking water sources and systems.
• Transfer existing drinking water supply systems to communities and
PRIs for management, operation and maintenance,
• Reward good performance and achievement of sustainability
• Local planning involves preparing the community and even household
level supply plan taking into consideration the available natural
resources, skill and potentialities.
Components of the NRDWP
• To meet the emerging challenges in the rural drinking water sector
relating to availability, sustainability and quality, the components
under the programme will be as follows:
• i) COVERAGE for providing safe and adequate drinking water supply to
unserved, partially served and slipped back habitations,
• ii) SUSTAINABILITY to encourage States to achieve drinking water
security at the local level,
• iii) Provide potable drinking water to water QUALITY affected
• Iv) DESERT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (DDP) areas to tackle the
extreme conditions of low rainfall and poor water availability,
At the Central Level
• NRDWP (Coverage): 30% of the annual NRDWP funds will be allocated
for Coverage, which will be allocated amongst States/UTs on the basis
of prescribed interstate allocation criteria. The funding pattern for
this component will be on 50:50 basis except for the North–East
States and Jammu & Kashmir for which the funding pattern will be on
90:10 basis between the Centre and the States.
• States will be required to prepare district wise Drinking Water
Security Plan and funds under NRDWP will be used to fund the gap in
• NRDWP (Natural calamity): 5% of the NRDWP funds will be retained
and used for providing assistance to States/ UTs to mitigate drinking
water problems in the rural areas in the wake of natural calamities
At the State Level
• At the State level the programme funds available for different
components will be as follows:
• 10% for Operation & Maintenance with 50:50 cost sharing between
Centre & State except for the North–East States and Jammu &
Kashmir for which, funding pattern will be on 90:10 basis between
the Centre and the States.
• 20% for sustainability and 5% for support activities as 100% grant in
aid from Centre.
• 45% for coverage and 20% for water quality on 50:50 cost sharing
except for the North–East States and Jammu & Kashmir for which the
funding pattern will be on 90:10 basis between the Centre and the
• Funds released to the State for the year in wake of natural calamity, if
any, as 100% grant in aid from Centre.
Criteria for Allocation of Funds
• i) Rural population 40%
• ii) Rural SC and ST population 10%
• ii) States under DDP, DPAP, HADP and special category
• Hill States in terms of rural areas 40%
• iv) Rural population managing rural drinking water 10%
• In the criteria for allocation of funds to States/UTs, 10% weightage
has been given for “rural population managing rural drinking water
• This criterion for allocation will be used as incentive to States for
decentralization and reforms in the sector.
Operation &Maintenance Fund
• The 13th Central Finance Commission has recommended separate
grants to PRIs, which could be used to partly meet the operation and
maintenance expenditure incurred by the PRIs on ensuring potable
drinking water supply.
• 10% NRDWP fund will be allocated among States/UTs for O&M and
States/UTs will make matching contribution, which along with funds
provided under the Finance Commission’s recommendations as
grants to PRIs will be used to meet the O&M expenditure on drinking
Provision of Drinking Water in Rural Schools &
• All the States are required to compile data from the State Education
Department and Women and Child Development Department
regarding the rural schools & anganwadis in existence and the
number of them having drinking water facilities and feed this data
online in the IMIS.
• The remaining Government rural schools and Anganwadis (located in
Government / community buildings) are to be provided with drinking
water facilities by end 2010-11
• Expenditure for this purpose would also be shared by the Central and
State Government on 50:50 basis from the funds allocated for
Norms for Providing Potable Drinking Water in
• Drinking : 3 LPCD
• Cooking : 5 LPCD
• Bathing : 15 LPCD
• Washing utensils and house : 7 LPCD
• Bathing : 10 LPCD
Public Facilities for Drinking Water
• In the rural context, drinking water is to be provided under NRDWP to
every public place, including school, anganwadi, public building, PRI
office, community halls, markets, temples, religious institutions,
market places, cremation ground etc,.
• Provision of drinking water facilities will also address the needs of
floating population by installing street stand posts at convenient
Gender Empowerment and Budgeting
• Since women are the principal beneficiaries of this programme and
are the pivot around whom sustainability revolves, it is of critical
importance that women are involved at all the stages of planning,
implementation and management of rural water supply schemes.
• Women’s associations could provide a strong framework for
Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance
• The National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance
Programme launched in February 2005 has now been merged with
• All drinking water sources should be tested at least twice a year for
bacteriological contamination and once a year for chemical
• Under NRDWP, States may establish Water Testing Laboratories at the
Sub- Division level with a provision of testing few selected chemical
parameters and biological parameters.
Management Information System
• For effective planning, monitoring and implementation of NRDWP,
Information Technology (IT) based Management Information System
provides the following support
• Assistance for computer facilities up to subdivision level, in phases,
to ensure latest technology for processing and storing dataand its
communication from one office to another through Internet
Programme and Project Monitoring and Evaluation
• Central Government takes up monitoring and evaluation studies
through reputed organizations / institutions from time to time
• The State Governments may also take up similar monitoring and
evaluation studies on the implementation of the rural water supply
programme. Such proposal needs to be approved in the SLSSC